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gadawyvetilebebi gardaiqmneba programirebulSi imis mixedviT, Tu rogora maTi xasiaTi, ganmeorebadi da Cveuli, risganac muSavdeba garkveuli midgoma maTi miRebisaTvis. radgan mocemul situaciaSi problemas aqvs mkafio struqtura, menejers ar uwevs saSualebis da Zalis xarjva misi gadawyvetisas. Pprogramuli gadawyvetilebis miReba SedarebiT martivia da mniSvnelovnad efuZvneba wina situaciaebze amgvari problemis gadaWris analogias. `variantebis gamokvlevis” stadiebi aseTi problemebis gadawyvetilebis miRebis procesSi an ar arsebobs, an mas eTmoba umniSvnelo yuradReba. ratom? imitom. rom Tu struqturuli problema gansazRvrulia, misi gadawyveta. rogorc wesi sruliad naTelia, an miyvanilia ramodenime kargad nacnobi variantebis arCevasTan, risi sisworec araerTxel aris dadasturebuli warsulSi. bevr SemTxvevaSi programuli gadawyvetilebis miReba pretendentebis safuZvelze. menejerebi akeTeben imas, rasac akeTebdnen isinic da sxvanic adre amgvar situaciebSi. klientis pijakze sasmelis SemTxveviT dasxma ar moiTxovs restornis menejeridan garkveul kriteriumebs. amdagvar situaciaSi mmarTveli ufro mimarTavs Cveul procedurebs, wesebs an politikas.

procedura.

urTierTdakavSirebuli mimdevruli moqmedebis seria. romlebic gamoiyeneboda struqturirebul problemebis sapasuxod



procedura-es mimdevruli moqmedebebis seriaa, romelebic SeuZlia miiRos menejerma, struqturirebul problemaze reagirebiT. erTaderTi realuri sirTulea mocemil situaciaSi problemis identifikaciaSi. Tu problema naTelia, maSin procedura naTelia, magaliTad menejerma Sesyidva miiRo gayidvis ganyofilebidan. SekveTa 15 mobilur telefonze kompaniebis savaWro warmomadgenlebisaTvis. menejerma icis, rom arsebobs garkveuli procedura am gadawyvetilebis misaRebad, romelic am SemTxvevaSi mimdevruli moqmedebebis ubralo SesrulebaSi mdgomareobs.

wesi.

mkafio miTiTeba imisa, Tu ra unda gaakeTos an ra ar gaakeTos menejerma.

wesi - es mkafio miTiTebaa imisa, Tu ra gaakeTos an ar gaakeTos menejerma. menejeri xSirad sargeblobs wesebiT, xvdeba kargad struqturirebul problemebs, imitom, rom maTi Sesruleba martivia da isini gansazRvraven SeTanxmebuli moqmedebis Tanamimdevrobas. ase magaliTad dagvianebis da gacdenebis problemebis gadawyvetis wesi, aZlevs saSualebas menejerebs swrafad da samarTlianad miiRon disciplinaruli xasiaTis gadawyvetileba.



politika. wesebis nakrebi romelic gansazRvravs gadawyvetilebebis miRebis konkretul parametrebs.


mesame saxelmZRvanelo principi programirebuli gadawyvetis miRebaSi aris organizebuli politika. organizaciiis politika amaragebs menejers ZiriTadi saxelmZRvanelo miTiTebebiT, romelic gansazRvravs misi azrebis mimarTulebas. politika adgens ZiriTad parametrebs pirebisaTvis, romlebic Rebuloben gadawyvetilebebs da ara pirdapir gansazRvravs ra unda gaakeTos da ra ar unda gaakeTos. politika rogorc wesi CarTavs araerTmniSvnelovan cnebas da momentebs da utovebs pirovnebas, romelic Rebulobs gadawyvetilebas did sivrces interpretaciisTvis.

magaliTad, ganvixiloT ramdenime mtkicebuleba:



  1. adgilze yovelTvis dgas momxmareblis dakmayofilebis problema.

  2. Cven vawinaurebT TanamSromlebs samsaxureobrivad, kompaniis SigniT roca es SesaZlebelia.

  3. Cveni TanamSromlebis xelfasi unda iyos konkurentunariani am adgilas ganlagebuli sxva firmebis muSakebis xelfasTan SedarebiT.

maSasadame politika dafuZnebuli imaze, rom kompaniam unda uzrunvelyos TanamSromlebi konkurentunariani xelfasiT, ar miuTiTebs kadrebis sakiTxebSi menejers mis zust raodenobaze. is ufro gansazRvravs mimarTulebas gadawyvetilebisaTvis, romelic esaWiroeba specialists misi moqmedebis procesSi.

arastruqturuli problemebi da araprogramuli gadawyvetilebebi

axali problemebi, romlis gadawyvetilebisaTvis aris mxolod araerTgvarovani an arasruli informacia

rogorc vxedavT yvela problema, romelic xvdeba menejers, kargad struqturirebulia da advilad gadawydeba programirebuli gadawyvetilebis meSveobiT. mraval organizaciaSi mravali situacia dakavSirebulia arastruqturul problemebTan, es ki Cveulebrivad axalia an arastandatulia.

roca problema arastruqturirebulia menejers uxdeba miiRos araprogramuli gadawyvetileba, raTa gamoavlinos da gaanalizos sxvadasxva variantebi. araprogramuli gadawyvetilebebi unikaluria da iSviaTad meordeba.



araprogramirebuli gadawyvetileba unikaluria, romelic moiTxovs arastandartul midgomebs.

roca menejeri Rebulobs gadawyvetilebas arastruqturul an romelime mZafr specifikuri problemis Sesaxeb mza gadawyvetileba ar arsebobs. mocemuli tipis problemebi moiTxoven unikalur arastandartul situacias, romelic iZleva saSualebas miiRos araprogramuli gadawyvetileba.

naxazze 3. asaxulia sxvadasxva saxis problema da donis damokidebuleba, romlebic organizaciaSi xdeba. rogorc vxedavT struqturirebuli




problemebi gadawydeba programuli gadawyvetilebis meSveobiT da

arastruqturirebuli problemebi moiTxoven araprogramuli gadawyvetilebis miRebas

vinaidan dabali donis menejerebs xvdebaT nacnobi da ganmeorebadi problemebi, isini ufro xSirad eyrdnobian pirveli tipis gadawyvetilebas. magaliTad, mimdinare standartuli procedurebi, organizaciis wesebi. problemebi, romelic xvdebaT saSualo donis menejerebs, xdeba naklebad struqturirebadi maTi ierarqiuli safexurebis mixedviT. ratom? imitom rom dabali teqnikuri donis menejerebi Rebuloben martiv Cveulebriv gadawyvetilebebs damoukideblad da jaWviT gadaecema zemoT is gadawyvetilebebi, romlebic maT eCvenebaT Zalian sruli an arastandartuli.

Tavis mxriv maRali donis menejerebi avaleben Tavis xelqveiTebs rutinul gadawyvetilebebs imitom, rom TviTon ufro rTuli sakiTxebiT arian dakavebulebi. magram unda gvaxsovdes, rom realuri mmarTvelobiTi gadawyvetilebebi ufro xSirad ar aris absoluturad programirebuli an absoluturad araprogramuli. es mxolod ukiduresobaa, romlis SuaSic uamravi gadawyvetilebaa. ase magaliTad, Zalian iSviaTad gvxvdeba programirebuli gadawyvetileba (romelic uzrunvelyofs gamoricxvas pirovnebis azrs) im pirisa, romelic subieqturad Rebulobs gadawyvetilebas.

sxva mxriv unikalur situaciaSic ki, romelic moiTxovs araprogramul gadawyvetilebas xSirad menejerebs exmarebaT programuli rutinuli procedura. amitom rekomendacias vwevT ganvixiloT gadawyvetilebebi rogorc ZiriTadi programuli ise araprogramuli da ara rogorc erTi tipis kuTvnileba.




warmoidgineT, rom davalebuli gaqvT miiRoT axali TanamSromlebi, romlebic uSualod Tqveni xelmZRvanelobis qveS imuSavebs da gaigeT, rom erT-erTi Tqveni megobari eZebs samsaxurs. Tqveni azriT is sakmaod momzadebulia, magram Tqven mainc grZnobT, rom SeiZleba moiZebnos ufro kvalificiuri da gamocdili adamiani. rogori iqneba Tqveni moqmedeba? ra faqtorebs eqneba gavlena Tqvens gadawyvetilebaze. ras etyviT Tqvens megobars?


es yvelaze rTuli amocanaa, romelic xvdebaT menejerebs gadawyvetilebis miRebisas damoukideblad imisa programirebulia Tu araprogramirebuli.

arsebobs sami ZiriTadi faqtori, romlebic xvdebaT menejerebs gadawyvetilebis miRebis procesSi: garkveuloba, riski da gaurkvevloba.

idealur gadawyvetilebad iTvleba garkveul pirobebSi miRebuli gadawyvetileba, roca menejers SeuZlia miiRos swori gadawyvetileba imis wyalobiT, rom man zustad icis nebismieri arsebuli variantis arCevanis Sedegi.



gansazRvreba garkveuloba: situacia, romelSic menejers SeuZlia ipovos gadawyvetileba, imitom rom man icis yoveli variantis arCevanis Sedegi.

magaliTad, roca `aidahos~ Statis mTavari xazinadari Rebulobs gadawyvetilebas romel bankSi Seinaxos Statis fondis danazogi, man zustad icis ra procents sTavazobs yoveli banki da ramdeni SeiZleba amaze moigos. e.i. man zustad icis ra Sedegs miscems yoveli arCeuli varianti.

rogorc gesmiT es piroba im situaciisTvis damaxasiaTebeli ar aris, romelSic miiReba samarTavi gadawyvetilebis umravlesi nawili. es ufro idealuria, vidre realuri.

xSirad Cven gvxvdeba riskis SemTxvevebi

riski. romlis drosac pirovnebas SeuZlia Seafasos SesaZlebloba ama Tu im Sedegis mixedviT.

riskis qveS vgulisxmobT iseT pirobebs, romlis drosac piri, romelic Rebulobs gadawyvetilebas SeuZlia Seafasos garkveuli variantebis SesaZlo Sedegebi misi arCevanis mixedviT.

unari Seafasos esa Tu is Sedegebi, damokidebulia menejeris pirad gamocdilebaze da mis xelT arsebul meorad informaciaze. riskis pirobebSi menejeri flobs warsuli periodis Sesabamis monacemebs, romlebic aZleven mas saSualebas Seafasos sxvadasxva variantis SesaZlebloba.

gTavazobT Semdeg magaliTs: warmoidgineT, rom Tqven marTavT saTxilamuro kurorts da fiqrobT kidev erTi amwis mSeneblobas. cxadia, rom Tqveni gadawyvetileba damokidebulia damatebiT Semosavalze, romelsac miiRebT axali amwis mSeneblobidan da es Semosavali iqneba damoukidebeli imisgan gansxvavebiT Tu rogori Tovliani iqneba sezoni.

problemis gadawyveta imdenad gamartivda, roca Segaxsenes, rom Tqvens gankargulebaSia sakmaod saimedo monacemebi, am regionSi naleqebis Sesaxeb, warsul wlebTan SedarebiT. amindis Sesaxeb monacemebi metyveleben imaze, rom bolo 10 wlis ganmavlobaSi iyo didi Tovlianoba. 5 weli normaluri da 2 wlis ganmavlobaSi umniSvnelo. SegiZliaT Tu ara gamoiyenoT es informacia mosalodneli Semosavlis gasarkvevad, gamoiyenoT axali amwis asaSeneblad.

Tu Tqven gaqvT zusti informacia yovelwliuri Semosavlis Tanxebis Sesaxeb Tundac SedarebiT xangrZlivi periodis ganmavlobaSi, pasuxi dadebiTi iqneba.

Tqven SegiZliaT SeadginoT formula mosalodneli Tanxis gaTvlisaTvis. ufro zustad gaTvaloT pirobiTi fuladi Semosavali yovel SesaZlo moqmedebaze. gaamravloT mosalodneli Semosavlis maCvenebeli mosalodnel Tovlianobis xarisxze. Sedegad miiRebT saSualo Semosavlis maCvenebels, romelsac SeiZleba droTa ganmavlobaSi elodoT. am pirobebSi albaTobis xarisxi rCeba ucvleli.

me-3-e cxrilSi gamosaxulia damatebiTi saTxilamuro mSeneblobis mosalodneli Semosavali, romelic Seadgens 687,5 aTas dolars. TavisTavad cxadia, rom am monacemebma gaamarTlos rogorc dadebiT, ise uaryofiT damokidebulebaze. aucilebeli damatebiTi Semosavlis misaRebad, saWiroa iseTi rogori xarjebic rogoricaa amwis mSeneblobaze damatebiT xarjebi, yovelwliui mimdinare xarjebi mis Senaxvaze, sesxis procenti da a.S.

cxrili 4

mosalodneli Tanxa axali saTxilamuro amwis mSeneblobaze


movlena

mosalodneli Semosavali

albaToba

mosalodneli Tanxa

(yoveli varianti)



Zlier Tovliani

850

0,3

255

norm. Tovliani

725

0,5

362,5

susti Tovliani

350

0,2

70

687,5


riskis miReba. ,,Tu Sen yovelTvis akeTeb imas, rasac adre akeTebdi, maSin miiReb imas, rasac yovelTvis”.

maSasadame Seni cxovreba rom odesRac Seicvalos ukeTesobisaken, saWiroa amisaTvis raRac sxvaraime gaakeToT” ra midgomebs gamoiyenebT Tqven mTeli Tqveni SromiTi cxovrebis manZilze sxvadasxva karieruli gadaadgilebisaTvis? Tqven gsurT mudmivad akeToT yvelaferi ise, ,,rogorc yovelTvis”? Tu Tqven gindaT gariskoT? ramdenad komfortulad grZnobT Tavs maSin, rodesac Tqven Tavze iRebT pasuxismgeblobas riskze? riski karieraSi ar unda iqces azartul TamaSad. Tu riski Wkvianuria, Sedegic nawinaswarmetyvelia. qvemoT, Tqvens sayuradRebod mocemulia rigi rekomendaciebisa imasTan dakavSirebiT, Tu rogor moiqceT, rom gariskoT sakuTar karieraSi Wkvianurad da efeqturad.

pirvel rigSi Zalzed mniSvnelovania Wkvianurad SeafasoT riski. sanam gariskavdeT, yuradRebiT dafiqrdiT Tu ra SeiZleba dakargoT da vis SeiZleba Tqveni moqmedebiT miayenoT ziani. ramdenad mniSvnelovania TqvenTvis es xalxi da sagnebi? gaanalizeT, SegiZliaT Tu ara miaRwioT am mizans sxva gziT, gauriskavad? ifiqreT yvelaferze, rac am riskTan aris dakavSirebuli: xalxze, drois ganawilebaze, Semdgom cvlilebebze, potenciur gamorCenaze da danakargze, rogorc axlo momavalSi, ise grZelvadian perspeqtivaSi.

gulmodgined awoneT Tqveni SegrZnebebi mocemul situaciaSi: xom ar geSianiaT rikis? mzad xarT Tu ara axlave imoqmedoT? imaze metiT xom ar riskavT? vidre SegiZliaT dakargoT?

ramdenadac nebismieri gadawyvetileba dakavSirebulia riskTan, rac meti informacia gaqvT, miT ufro zustad afasebT risks. am informaciiT SeiaraRebulni Tqven SegiZliaT miiRoT metad dasabuTebuli gadawyvetileba. da Tu ver SeZlebT moiSoroT yvela negatiuri momenti, romelic dakavSirebulia mocemul riskTan, Tqven gecodinebaT mainc amis Sesaxeb.

gaurkvevloba. ra xdeba maSin, rodesac unda miiRo gadawyvetileba, Tqven ki srulebiT arxarT darwmunebuli imis SedegSi da verc zustad SeafasebT ama Tu im dasasrulis albaTobas? gadawyvetilebis miRebis aseT pirobebs gaurkvevloba ewodeba. menejerebi, gadawyvetilebis miRebisas aseT pirobebs Zalian xSirad awydebian. nebismieri variantis SerCeva mocemul SemTxvevaSi damokidebulia imaze, ramdenad SezRuduli informaciis moculoba aqvs pirs, romelic iRebs gadawyvetilebas.

gaurkveuloba aris situacia,sadac pirs,romelic iRebs gadawyvetilebebs ar SeuZlia zustad, arc garkveuli albaTobiT Seafasos ama Tu im gadawyvetilebis SesaZlo Sedegi

arsebobs kidev erTi faqtori, romelic gavlenas axdens variantebis arCevaze gaurkvevlobis pirobebSi, - im piris fsiqologiuri orientacia, romelic iRebs gadawyvetilebas. magaliTad, optimisti menejeri gaakeTebs arCevans, romelmac SeiZleba misces egerT wodebuli maqsimaluri Sedegi, pesimisti menejeri ki SearCevs minimalur Sedegze iqneba orientirebuli. gTavazobT ganixiloT sxvadasxva midgoma gadawyvetilebis SerCevisas Semdeg konkretul magaliTze.

ganvixiloT situacias, romelSic aRmoCnda kompania ,,viza internacional” –is (niu-iork) erTerTi marketingis menejeri. kompaniis xelmZRvanelobis davalebiT man moaxdina oTxi SesaZlo strategiis (S1, S2, S3, S4) – is identificireba aSS –s Crdilo-aRmosavleTSi viza baraTebze moTxovnilebis stimulirebisaTvis. Tumca misTvis cnobilia, rom misi firmis mTavari konkurenti, kompania M,,master Qqardi” apirebs Tavisi sami konkurentuli programidan (CA1, CA2, , CA3) –is erTerTis realizebas am regionSi Tavisi baraTebis gasavrceleblad. magaliTisaTvis vivaraudod, rom viza kompaniis specialistebis gankargulebaSi ar aris wina wlebis monacemebi, romlebic maT saSualebas miscemen gansazrvron warmatebis albaToba oTxi strategiidan TiToeulis arCevis SemTxvevaSi.

arsebul faqtebze dayrdnobiT, viza –s menejeri adgens matricas, romelic mocemulia cxrilSi 4, rom asaxos. viza-s sxvadasxva strategiebi da SesaZlo mogeba maTi realizaciisas ,,masterqard”-is sxvadasxva konkurentuli RonisZiebebisagan damokidebulebiT.

mocemul magalizTSi, Tu viza kompaniis menejeri iqneba optimisti is airCevs S4 strategias, radgenac is pirdeba SesaZlo udides mogebas 28 mlin dolasis odenobiT. rogorc vxedavT, es arCevani uzrunvelyofs maqsimalur mogebas.

Tu Cveni menejeri aRmoCndeba pesimisti is gamova iqidan, rom SesaZlo iqneba uaresi Sedegi, rogorc TviToeul strategiaze aseTia: S1=11, S2=9, S3=15, S4=14, mln. dolari. es yvelaze pesimisturi Sedegia yoveli SesaZlo strategiidan. Tu mivyvebiT arCevanis maqsimalur variants. pesimisti menejerebi maqsimizirdeba minimalur Semosavalze, sxva sityvebiT, rom vTqvaT is amoirCevda S3=15 strategias (15 ml. dolari-es yvelaze didi minimaluri Semosavalaia.

mesame zemoT aRwerili fsiqologiuri tipis menejerebi Tvlian, rom mas Semdeg, rac gadawyvetileba miRebulia man aucilebeli ar aris, rom uzrunvelyos maqsimalurad momgebiani Sedegi. SesaZlebelia dakisrebuli mogeba anu gansazRvruli Tanxis danakargi, romelis miRebac SesaZlebeli iyo, Tu avirCevdiT, romelime sxva strategias. menejerebi Tvlian aseT danakargebs gacemis maqsimaluri SesaZleblobebis jams gamoklebuli gacemis yvela SesaZlo variantebis jami, yoveli kategoriis mixedviT, yoveli arsebuli movlenisaTvis Cvens SemTxvevaSi yoveli konkurentuli programis mixedviT, vizas menejerebis magaliTze im pirobiT, rom ,,masterqard”-is kompania realizacias moaxdens samidan erTi konkurentuli programisa CA, CA2 an CA3 ,,viza interneiSen”-is maqsimaluri gacema Seadgens 24. 21 an 28 mln. dolars Sesabamisad (e.i. udidesi mniSvneloba cxrilis TviToeul svetSi).

gacemis maCveneblis gamoklebisas, rogorc mocemulia cxrili 606 am mniSvnelobebidan viRebT Sedegs, romelic moyvanilia cxrilSi 5.

cxrili 5. ukugebis ganawilebis matrica (mil.dol.)




kompoania ,,Visa”-s marketinguli strategia

,,masterCard”-is reaqcia




CA1

CA2

CA3

S1

13

14

11

S2

9

15

18

S3

24

21

15

S4

18

14

28

cxrili 6 danakargebis matrica (mil.dol.)




kompoania ,,Visa”-s marketinguli strategia

,,masterCard”-is reaqcia




CA1

CA2

CA3

S1

11

7

17

S2

15

6

10

S3

0

0

13

S4

6

7

0

rogorc vxedavT, ama Tu im strategiis arCevisas maqsimaluri danakrgebi Seadgens S1=17, S2=15, S3=13 S4=7000000 dolars. minimaqsimaluri arCevani maqsimaluri danakargis minimalizacias moaxdens, Sesabamisad Cveni menejeri ,,Visa”-dan airCevs S4 statias. am SemTxvevaSi mogebis danakargi aranair pirobebSi ar gadaaWarbebs 7mil. dolars. es ra Tqma unda bevrad warmatebuli Sedegia Tu SevadarebT mas 15mil. an danakargs, romelic SesaZlebeli iqneboda Tu viza-s menejeri airCevs S2 variants, kompania ,,masterqardi” gadawyvets realizacia moaxdinos CA1 konkurentuli programis. Tumca menejerebi cdiloben nebismier SemTxvevaSi gaanalizon sxvadasxva variantebi, gamoiyeneben ra amisaTvis gacemis da danakargis matricebs, gaurkvevlobis faqtori xSirad aiZulebs maT upiratesad daeyrdnon Tavis winaTgrZnobas, intuicias, SemoqmedebiTobas da ,,Sinagan xmas~ pirobebisagan damoukideblad, romelSic Rebuloben gadawyvetilebs menejerebi TiToeuli menejeri sargeblobs am procesSi sakuTari stiliT.



gadawyvetilebis miRebis stili. warmogidgenT, rom Tqven xarT kompania Sony an YMCA-s adgilobivi ganyofilebis axali menejeri. rogor gadawyvetdiT wamoWril problemas, romlebic moiTxoven mmarTvelobiT gadawyvetilebebis miRebas? yvelaze xSirad iTvleba, rom adamianebi gansxvavdebian kriteriumiT, romlebic gansazRvraven meTods, romlebsac isini mimarTaven im pirobebSi, roca maT sWirdebaT gadawyvetilebis miReba pirveli _ es aris azrovnebis individualuri saSualeba. saidumlo xom ar aris, rom zogierTi CvenTagani miiswrafvis iyos ukiduresad racionaluri da lokaluri, didxans fiqrobs da gulmodgined amuSavebs informacias. ama Tu im gadawyvetilebis miRebis win muyaiTad aanalizeben yvela monacems, rom darwmundnen Tavis logikurobaSi da erTgvarovnebaSi. sawinaRmdego wyobis adamianebi miiswarafvian Semoqmedebisaken da ZiriTadad eyrdnobian intuicias. isini rogorc wesi ar amuSaveben da klasifikacias ar ukeTeben miRebul informacias gansazRvrul TanmimdevrobiT, aramed aanalizeben mas mTlianobaSi.

meore kriteriumi –gaurkvevlobisadmi tolerantoba. zogierTi adamiani ver egueba gaurkvevlobas. amitom isini miiswarafvian informaciis Tanmimdevrul da zusti struqturis damuSavebisaken, rac maT saSualebas aZlevs gaurkvevloba daiyvanon minimumamde. meoris mxriv, zogierTi CvenTagani sruliad normalurad ekideba gaurkvevlobis maRal dones da SeuZlia erTdroulad daamuSaos mravali idea. Tu am kriteriumebs gamovsaxavT diagramiT, davinaxavT, rom gamoixateba gadawyvetilebebis miRebis oTxi ZiriTadi stili: direqtiuli, analitikuri, konceptualuri da qceviTi (nax. modiT dawvrilebiT ganvixiloT TiToeuli maTgani.

direqtiuli stili

gadawyvetilebis miRebis stili, romelic xasiaTdeba gaurkvevelobisadmi tolerantobis dabali doniT da azrovnebis racionalurobiT.




direqtiuli stili. adamianebi, romlebic mimarTaven direqtiul stils xasiaTdebian gaurkvevlobisadmi tolerantobis dabali doniT da azrovnebis racionaluri xasiaTiT. isini muSaoben efeqturad da logikurad, Rebuloben swraf gadawyvetilebebs da orientirebuli arian maT swraf Sesrulebaze. maTi efeqturobisa da siswrafis Sedegad xSirad xdeba gadawyvetilebis miReba minimaluri moculobis informaciisa da sul ramodenime variantis safuZvelze.


analitikuri stili

gadawyvetilebis miRebis stili, romelic xasiaTdeba gaurkvevelobisadmi tolerantobis maRali doniT da azrovnebis racionaluri xasiaTiT.


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