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From algeria s. Laggoune1,3, M. Öztürk2, Z. Kabouche3


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COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF MENTHA SPICATA FROM ALGERIA

S. Laggoune1,3, M. Öztürk2, Z. Kabouche3
1) University of Constantine 1, Departement of Chemistry, Laboratory of Therapeutic Substances (LOST), 25000 Constantine, Algeria.

2) Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Mugla Sıtkı Koçman University, 48121 Mugla, Turkey.

2University of Jijel, Faculty of Natural Science and Life, Department of Applied Microbiology and Food Science, 18000 Jijel, Algeria

E-mail :  souheilalaggoune@yahoo.fr
Abstract

Mentha genus (Lamiaceae) has been found to possess significant biological activities, including antimicrobial, antistomachache, anti-vomitive, antiseptic, anti-infective, vermifuge, antitussive, to treat digestive tract disorders and as diuretic [1, 2]. 15 species are distributed in Algeria [3]. In continuation of our works on Lamiaceae essential oils [4, 5], we report here the GC and GC/MS analyses and the antioxidant activity of the species Mentha spicata.

The hydrodistillation in a Clenvenger-type apparatus of the aerial parts of Mentha spicata yielded 2.1% of a pale yellowish oil. The chemical composition of the hydrodistilled essential oil of Mentha spicata, collected from Ghardia (Saharienne Algerian), was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. 30 components representing 97.2% of the essential oil were detected with Benzene, 1-[(2-bromophenoxy)methyl]-3,4-dimethoxy (44.06%), Eucalyptol (15.32%), cis-Dihydrocarvone (8.85%) and dl-Limonene (5.80%) as the major components.



References
[1] M. C. Teixeira Duarte, G. M. Figueira, A. Sartoratto, V. L. G. Rehder and C. Delarmelina, Journal of Ethnopharmacology., 97, 305–311(2005).
[2] G. Iscan, N. Kirimer, M. Kurkcuoglu, K. H. C. Baser and F. Demirci, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry., 50, 3943–3946 (2002).
[3] P. Quezel, and S. Santa, Nouvelle Flore de l′Algérie et des Régions Désertiques Méridionales. C.N.R.S., Paris, France (1963).

[4] S. Laggoune, A. Kabouche, Z. Kabouche and A. M. El-Azzouny, J. Essential Oil Research., 21, 67-68 (2009).


[5] A. Zeghib, S. Laggoune, A. Kabouche, Z. Semra, F. Smati, R. Touzani and Z. Kabouche, Der Pharmacia Lettre., 5(3):206-210 (2013).


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