|European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO)
The Director-General of EPPO, Mr. Arnitis, highlighted the activities in EPPO which are of most importance for IPPC.
In June 2012, the Working Party on Phytosanitary Regulations (WP PR) approved 19 phytosanitary Standards. These Standards will be presented to the EPPO Council for final approval in September, 2012. The approved EPPO phytosanitary Standards cover a variety of different topics.
The WP PR approved the revision of the EPPO A1/A2 List of pests recommended for regulation including the addition of new pests to the A1/A2 lists and the transfer of two pests from the A1 to the A2 list.
List of pests recommended for regulation:
Pests absent from the region (A1): ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Solanaceae haplotypes) and its vector Bactericera cockerelli, Keiferia lycopersicella, Leucinodes orbonalis
Pests present in the region (A2): Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, Pepino mosaic virus
Transfer from the A1 to the A2 List: Maconellicoccus hirsutus, Trioza erytreae.
Two new standards providing guidance on PRA were approved: the Express PRA scheme for rapid decision making and the EPPO prioritization process for invasive alien plants. EPPO has an extensive programme on pest diagnostics. As result of this activity nine new and revised standards on Xanthomonas spp. (Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, Xanthomonas gardneri, Xanthomonas perforans, Xanthomonas vesicatoria) causing bacterial spot of tomato and sweet pepper, Erwinia amylovora, Clavibacter michiganensis subsp michiganensis, Fusarium foetens, Phytophthora kernoviae, Pepino Mosaic Virus, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, Globodera rostochiensis and Globodera pallida were accepted. Seven Standards providing guidance on phytosanitary treatments were also approved.
EPPO has an Alert list in order to warn Members about possible risks. Pests are also chosen from the Alert list to be the subject of PRA. Modifications to the list of pests (including invasive alien plants) on the Alert List during the last year are as follows:
Additions: Aproceros leucopoda, Aromia bungii, Neoleucinodes orbonalis, Polygraphus proximus, Thaumatotibia leucotreta, Heterodera zea, Punctodera chalcoensis, Maize redness, Andropogon virginicus, Asparagus asparagoides, Limnophila sessiliflora
Deletions: Psacothea hilaris, Melampsora euphorbia, Spiroplasma kunkelli
EPPO’s strategy and work programme foresees that PRAs are performed every year including one for an invasive alien plant. The WP PR agreed with the following priorities for PRA:
One of EPPO’s core activities is to organize Workshops and Conferences in the region. This provides a platform for discussion on important new topics for NPPOs in the region. A Workshop for Heads of diagnostic laboratories, a Workshop on Plants for planting in international trade, a Conference on DNA barcoding and diagnostic methods for plant pests, and a Symposium on Management of Tuta absoluta were organized during the last year.
In order to strengthen collaboration with NEPPO two workshops will be organized at the end of 2012.
EPPO maintains a Russian translation programme and, after FAO take over translation of ISPMs, EPPO will continue to play active role in the Russian Language Review Group.
In collaboration with IPPC and FAO regional offices a Workshop regarding draft ISPMs currently under country consultation was recently held near Moscow (July, 2012). The comments from this Workshop have been very important for all EPPO members to establish their views on the draft ISPMs and help to formulate a common view from the EPPO region.
In 2011, EPPO approved a new format for pest reports to try to harmonize the way NPPOs submit their information. This format is compatible with the IPPC format. It was noted that further improvements to facilitate pest reporting are required. The EPPO Secretariat is developing a system allowing EPPO member countries to send pest reports electronically (with a possibility to forward them to other bodies such as IPPC). This allows different levels for security to be created (e.g. one person entering data, another one authorizing publication) and provides the possibility to enter different levels of information.
In order to raise public awareness about phytosanitary issues EPPO started new activities in this field. The EPPO Secretariat created accounts and participated in social networks (e.g. Twitter, Facebook), produced e-magazines based on ‘Scoop.it’ and has plans to develop a platform of information exchange for Heads of diagnostic laboratories. A draft poster was prepared to be displayed in airports/seaports to inform travellers about the risks of moving plant material and it is now under further elaboration within different structures of EPPO. The EPPO Secretariat is working further to create the EPPO Global database which will provide pest specific information online. This will gather data currently stored in other EPPO databases (e.g. PQR, EPPO Plant Protection Thesaurus) and from other sources (pest-specific Standards, datasheets, EPPO Reporting Service).