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Environmental Management Framework (emf) coastal embankment improvement project phase-i project (ceip-i) April 29, 2013 Dhaka Bangladesh Water Development Board Ministry of Water Resources Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh


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E
Draft Report
4141v7
Environmental Management Framework (EMF)
COASTAL EMBANKMENT IMPROVEMENT PROJECT PHASE-I PROJECT (CEIP-I)




April 29, 2013

Dhaka

Bangladesh Water Development Board

Ministry of Water Resources
Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Table of Contents


Table of Contents ii

List of Tables iv

List of Figures iv

Abbreviations and Acronyms v

Executive Summary vi

Chapter 1 : Introduction 1

1.1 Project Background 1

1.2 Rationale of the Environmental Management Framework (EMF) 2

1.3 Approach and Methodology for Developing the EMF 2

1.4 Structure of the Report 4

Chapter 2 : Description of the Proposed Project 5

2.1 Proposed CEIP project 5

2.2 Description of Project Component 5

2.3 Proposed Interventions of CEIP with Possible Environmental Concern 8



Chapter 3 : Environmental Policies, Legal and Administrative Framework 10

3.1 Relevant Government Policies, Acts, Rules and Strategy 10

3.2 Implication of GoB Polices, Acts and Rules on CEIP & Classification 20

3.3 Detailed Steps of In Country Environmental Clearance Procedure 21

3.4 World Bank's Environmental Safeguards Policy 22

3.5 Implications of the World Bank Policies on CEIP & Environmental Category 24

3.6 ‘Public consultation and disclosure’ requirements by World Bank 25

Chapter 4 : Environmental and Social Baseline 26

4.1 Introduction 26

4.2 Physical Settings of the Coastal Regions 27

4.3 State of the Environment 29

4.4 Socio economic conditions 44

4.5 Assessment of Intervention Requirement from Baseline Survey 45



Chapter 5 : Analysis of Alternatives 47

5.1 Introduction 47

5.2 No Action Alternative 47

5.3 Alternatives Analysis to Be Assessed During Design and Implementation Phase 50



Chapter 6 : Possible Environmental Issues with Mitigation Measures & Benefit of the Project 53

6.1 Introduction 53

6.2 Environmental Impacts due to Rehabilitation and Improvement of Polders System 53

6.3 Environmental Impacts due to Afforestation 65

6.4 Potential cumulative impacts in the CEIP polder area 67

6.5 Socio-Economic Enhancement 68



Chapter 7 Environmental Management System 69

7.1 Introduction 69

7.2 General Principles of the CEIP 70

7.3 Environmental Assessment & Management Process of CEIP 71

7.4 Classification of Environmental Assessment 73

7.5 Environmental Assessment Process 74

7.6 Selection of Important Environmental and social Components (IESCs), scoping and bounding 80

7.7 Environmental Management Plan (EMP) 85

7.8 Methods for estimating costs and benefits of the impacts and mitigation/enhancement measures 101

7.9 Cost of implementing EMP and source of funds 102

7.10 Grievance Redress Mechanism 103

Chapter 8 Institutional Arrangements and Capacity Building 106

8.1 Environment, Social and Communication (ESC) Unit 106

8.2 Project Construction Supervision Consultant (CS) 108

8.3 Contractor 109

8.4 Monitoring 109

8.5 Capacity Building & Training 109



Chapter 9 Public Consultation and Disclosure 111

9.1 Introduction 111

9.2 Objectives of public consultation and disclosure 111

9.3 Approach and Methodology of Public Consultation 111

9.4 Issues discussed in the Public Consultation Meetings 113

9.5 Findings of the Public Consultation Meetings 113

9.6 Modes of Future Consultations during Implementation 114

9.7 Plan for Consultations 115

9.8 Public Disclosure Requirement 115

References 117

Appendix 1: List of Coastal Polders 118

Appendix 2: Common Capture Fisheries Species in Whole Coastal Area of Bangladesh 121

Appendix 3: Protected areas in the in Whole Coastal Area of Bangladesh 122

Appendix 4: Common flora and fauna habituating in Whole coastal region of Bangladesh 123

Appendix 5: List Of Polders Likely To Be Overtopped In Baseline And Climate Change Scenario 126

Appendix 6: Environmental Screening Format for Rehabilitation and Construction of Coastal Polder 127

Appendix 7 Environmental Screening Format for Foreshore Afforestation 130

Appendix 8 Terms of Reference for Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) of Sub-Projects under CEIP 132

Appendix 9 Terms of Reference for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of Sub-Projects under CEIP 134

Appendix 10: Example Good Environmental Construction Guideline (To be attached with the Bid Document) 139

Appendix 11: Participants & Photographs of meeting, workshop and baseline survey 143

Appendix 12: Pest Management Plan 153



Appendix 13: Generic Polder Safety Management Plan 155


List of Tables


Table 2 1: Estimated project cost by component (US$ million) 8

Table 4 2: Polders in different zones of coastal area 27

Table 4 3 Air Quality in Coastal Area 31

Table 4 4: Surface Water Quality In Different Rivers In Coastal Area 32

Table 4 5: Ground Water Quality In Different Rivers In Coastal Area 32

Table 4 6: Noise Quality In Different Rivers In Coastal Area 33

Table 4 7: Improvement works to be done for each type of interventions under CEIP project 45

Table 7 8 Impact of Project Activity on IESC 81

Table 7.9: Parameters for Determining Magnitude 84

Table 7.10: Criteria for Determining Sensitivity 85

Table 7.11: Assessment of Potential Impact Significance 85

Table 7 12 Generic Mitgation/Compensation Meaqsures/Guideline 87

Table 7 13 Environmental Monitoring Plan during Construction and Operation of Rehabilitation and Improvement of Polders System 95

Table 7 14 Environmental Monitoring Plan during Construction and Operation of Afforestation 98

Table 7 15 Spot Checking Indicator 98

Table 7 16: Example of methods for Estimating Costs of Environmental Damages 101

Table 7 17: Example of methods for estimating benefits of positive environmental impacts 101

Table 7 18: Example of methods for estimating cost and benefits of mitigation/ enhancement measures 102

Table 8 19: Functions and Responsibilities of the ESC 107

Table 9 20: Plan for Participatory Consultation during Project Implementation 115



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