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Eco-exergy and emergy based self-organization of three forest plantations in lower subtropical China


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Eco-exergy and emergy based self-organization of three forest plantations in lower subtropical China

Hongfang Lu1, Fangyan Fu1, Hao Li1, Daniel E. Campbell2, Hai Ren1*



1Key Laboratory of Vegetation Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China

2US EPA, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Atlantic Ecology Division, 27 Tarzwell Drive, Narragansett, RI, USA

Appendix A. C-values and SWFs applied to each species in the three subtropical forest plantations under study



No.

Latin Name

SWF*

C value**

No.

Latin Name

SWF*

C value**

1

Smilax china

393

5

54

Toxicodendron vernicifluum

393

2.37

2

Dianella ensifolia

393

41.81

55

Toxicodendron succedaneum

393

2.37

3

Cibotium barometz

158

7.18

56

 Lagerstroemia

393

0.99

4

Schima superba

393

3.9

57

Morinda parvifolia

393

0.65

5

Schima Wallichii

393

3.9

58

Gardenia jasminoides

393

1.3

6

Hyptis suaveolens

393

2.9

59

Psychotria rubra

393

1.03

7

Mallotus apelta

393

3.82

60

Spermacoce latifolia

393

1.07

8

Mallotus paniculatus

393

3.82

61

Geum aleppicum

393

1.07

9

Breynia fruticosa

393

3.82

62

Mussaenda pubescens

393

1.07

10

Glochidion eriocarpum

393

3.82

63

Rhaphiolepis indica

393

0.8

11

Sapium discolor

393

3.82

64

Rubus alceaefolius

393

0.37

12

Glochidion puberum

393

3.82

65

Cotoneaster horizontalis

393

2.86

13

Bridelia monoica

393

1.25

66

Rosa cymosa

393

0.73

14

Phyllanthus urinaria

393

1

67

Radix Wikstroemae

393

2.29

15

Aporosa dioica

393

3.82

68

Centella asiatica

393

2.42

16

Ilex asprella

393

1.47

69

Ficus variolosa

393

0.71

17

Ilex triflora

393

1.47

70

Ficus irisana

393

0.71

18

llex franchetiana

393

1.47

71

Ficus hirta

393

0.71

19

Desmos chinensis

393

1.2

72

Cyperus rotundus

393

0.45

20

Pteris semipinnata

158

5.97

73

Camellia sinensis

393

3.9

21

Pteris multifida

158

5.97

74

Eurya chinensis      

393

3.9

22

Pteris ensiformis

158

5.97

75

Cunninghamia lanceolata

314

14.17

23

Acacia mangium

393

0.65

76

Nephrolepiscordifolia

158

8.63

24

Lophatherum gracile

393

7.76

77

Dioscorea bulbifera

393

1.4

25

Eragrostis atrovirens

393

0.53

78

Pinus massoniana

314

25.79

26

Panicum brevifolium

393

1.65

79

Pinus elliottii

314

23.3

27

Cyrtococcum patens

393

7.76

80

Baeckea frutescens

393

0.75

28

Setaira viridis

393

7.76

81

Syzygium hainanense

393

1.83

29

Miscanthus sinensis

393

7.76

82

Syzygium rehderianum

393

1.83

30

Paspalum distichum

393

1.09

83

Syzygium jambos

393

1.83

31

Ishaemum indicum

393

7.76

84

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

393

0.75

32

Ottochloa nodosa

393

7.76

85

Adiantum flabellulatum

158

7.67

33

Cratoxylon ligustrinum

393

0.4

86

Nvicrolepia hancei

158

7.94

34

Cyclosorus parasiticus

158

10

87

Blechnum orientale

158

10

35

Urena lobata

393

1.65

88

Pterospermum heterophyllum

393

0.8

36

HerbaElephantopi

393

3.74

89

Helicteres angustifolia

393

1.32

37

Eupatorium chinense

393

8.13

90

Aralia decaisneana

393

2.65

38

Herba Asteris

393

4.32

91

Schefflera octophylla

393

2.65

39

Castanopsis hystrix

393

0.86

92

Torenia concolor

393

0.17

40

Castanopsis fissa

393

0.86

93

Torenia glabra

393

0.17

41

Cymbidium

393

4.05

94

Melastoma dodecandrum

393

0.19

42

Dicranopteris dichotoma

158

6.4

95

Melastoma candidum

393

0.19

43

Melia azedarach

393

1.36

96

Trema orientalis

393

1.31

44

Aglaia odorata

393

0.55

97

Tetradium glabrifolium

393

1.36

45

Polygonum chinense

393

0.62

98

Zanthoxylum nitidum

393

6.15

46

Podocarpus nagi

314

9.9

99

Evodia lepta

393

1.36

47

Clerodendron fortunatum

393

1.34

100

Litsea rotundifolia

393

1.71

48

Michelia macclurel

393

4.04

101

Litsea glutinosa

393

2.82

49

Jasminum amplexicaule

393

1.44

102

Litsea cubeba

393

2.82

50

Ligustrum sinense

393

1.08

103

Lindera communis

393

1.71

51

Ligustrum quihoui

393

1.08

104

Cinnamomum burmanni

393

0.6

52

Vitis piasezkii

393

0.49

105

Cinnamomum camphora

393

0.6

53

Acer fabri

393

0.78

106

Embelia laeta

393

2.65
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