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David k a barnes1,*, Richard s k barnes1,2, David j smith1, Peter Rothery3


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Littoral biodiversity across scales in the Seychelles, Indian Ocean

David K A Barnes1,*, Richard S K Barnes1,2, David J Smith1, Peter Rothery3


Coral & Coastal Ecology of the Seychelles Research Programme

1Coral Reef Research Unit, University of Essex, Colchester, Essex, UK

2Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, UK

3NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Monks Wood, Huntingdon, UK

*Corresponding author’s email: dkab@bas.ac.uk, Tel: 0044 1223 221613, Fax: 0044 1223 221259

Supplementary Plate 1 Legend

New records for Seychelles. The gastropods Mitra (Strigatella) scutulata and Stomatella impertusa, the hermit crab Calcinus morgani, the brachyuran crabs Actumnus digitalis, Epixanthus corrosus, Macrophthalmus boscii, M. milloti, Ocypode ryderi, Oreotlos latus, Platypodia anaglypta, Platypodia granulosa, Thalamita mitsiensis and Aethra sp., the holothurians Bohadschia atra and Pearsonothuria graeffei and the polyclads Callioplana marginata, Paraplanocera oligoglena, Pseudoceros bifurcus, P. indicus, P. prudhoei and P. scintillatus were all recorded for the first time from Seychelles.
Supplementary Appendix 1

Occurrence of species of the study taxa by island in Seychelles.



Mollusca Sites (D=Desroches, M=Mahe, S=Silhouette)

Gastropoda (shelled)



Ancilla sarda S

Angiola lineata M

Atys sp M

Bursa granularis D

Cellana radiata M S

Cerithium columna D M


Cerithium egenum S

Cerithium rostratum M

Chicoreus sp D M

Clypeomorus bifasciata M

Clypeomorus nympha D M

Collonista candida D

Conus (Chelyconus) catus D
Conus (Cylindrus) c.f. textile D S

Conus (Harmoniconus) musicus S

Conus (Lithoconus) leopardus D

Conus (Lividiconus) lividus M
Conus (Virgiconus) sanguinolentus D

Conus (Virroconus) coronatus D M S

Conus (Virroconus) ebraeus D M S

Cronia margariticola D M S


Cymatium aquatile S

Cymatium muricinum S

Cymatium nicobaricum S

Cymatium pileare D

Cypraea tigris D

Diodora ruppellii M

Drupa lobata D

Drupa morum D S

Drupa ricinus S

Drupella rugosa D

Engina mendicaria D M S

Erronea caurica S

Erosaria caputserpentis D

Erosaria helvola D S

Euplica azora M

Euplica turturina D


Hastula hectica D

Lambis chiragra S

Lamellariid sp. M



Latirus craticulatus S

Littoraria kraussi D M S

Littoraria scabra M

Littoraria ungulata S

Luria isabella D S

Lyncina carneola D


Lyncina lynx D

Lyncina vitellus D S

Mancinella tuberosa S

Marginella compressa S

Mastonia monilifera M

Mastonia rubra M

Mauritia histrio S

Melampus flavus M

Mienerita debilis M

Mitra (Nebularia) coronate D

Mitra (Nebularia) cucumerina D


Mitra (Strigatella) litterata D S

Mitra (Strigatella) paupercula D S

Mitra (Strigatella) scutulata D

Mitrella moleculina S

Mitrella venulata M

Modulus tectum D S

Monetaria annulus D M S

Monetaria moneta D M


Monodonta australis M S

Morula granulata D M S

Morula uva D S


Muricodrupa fenestrata D S

Nassa francolina D

Nassarius albescens M

Nassarius arcularius M

Nassarius echinatus M

Nassarius papillosus D

Nerita albicilla D M S

Nerita plicata D M S

Nerita polita D M S

Nerita textilis D M S

Nerita undata D M

Notocochlis gualteriana M

Palmadusta clandestina M S

Peasiella roepstorffiana M

Peristernia nassatula D M S

Phasianella aethiopica D M

Pisania gracilis S

Planaxis niger M

Planaxis sulcatus M

Pleuroploca trapezium D


Pollia undosus D M

Psilaxis radiata D


Pyramidella acus M

Pyrene varians S

Rissoella ambigua D

Rissoina balteata D

Sabia conica D

Serpulorbis sp M

Siphonaria atra M S

Smaragdia souverbiana D M

Stomatella impertusa D

Stomatella irisata D

Stomatella varia D

Strombus gibberulus M

Strombus mutabilis M

Tectus mauritianus D

Terebralia palustris M S

Thais aculeata S

Triphorid sp M

Truncatella guerinii M


Turbo argyrostomus D M

Turbo marmoratus M

Turbo setosus M S

Turridrupa cerithina D


Vasum turbinellum D M S

Vermetus sp. S

Aplysia dactylomela S

Asteronotus cespitosus D

Berthella martensi S

Berthellina citrina D S

Chromodoris coi D

Crosslandia viridis M


Dendrodoris fumata S

Dendrodoris nigra D M S

Discodoris lilacina S

Discodoris mauritiana S

Dolabella auricularia M

Dolabrifera dolabrifera D M S


Elysia ornata D M S

Elysia sp. S

Halgerda gunnessi S

Onchidium sp D S

Placida sp S

Platydoris striata S

Pleurobranchus albiguttatus D


Pleurobranchus peroni M S

Stylocheilus striatus M
Bivalvia

Asaphis deflorata M

Atrina vexillum M


Barbatia c.f. foliata S

Brachidontes semistriatus M


Cardita variegata D S

Chama aspersa D S

Codakia tigerina S

Electroma alacorvi M

Fragum fragum D

Gafrarium pectinatum M

Isognomon isognomum M S

Isognomon nucleus M

Isognomon pernum D M S

Marikellia pustula M

Modiolus auriculatus D M S

Parahyotissa numisma S

Pinctada margaritifera D M

Pinna muricata M

Saccostrea cucullata M S

Septifer bilocularis D

Spondylus histrix S

Tridacna sp D
Cephalopoda

Octopus sp D
Polyplacophora

Acanthopleura brevispinosa M




Crustacea


Malacostraca; Anomura

Calcinus gaimardi S

Calcinus laevimanus D M S

Calcinus latens D M S

Calcinus morgani S

Clibanarius eurysternus M

Clibanarius humilis S

Clibanarius virescens D M S

Coenobita brevimanus S

Coenobita perlatus D M S

Coenobita rugosus D M S


Dardanus deformis S

Dardanus megistios D M S

Diogenes avarus D M


Petrolistes ornatus S

Petrolisthes lamarckii D M S

Malacostraca; Brachyura



Actaeodes tomentosus D S

Actumnus digitalis D M

Aethra sp. S

Calappa hepatica D M

Camposia retusa D

Cardisoma carnifex S

Chlorodiella nigra S

Cryptodromia fallax S

Cymo andreossyi S

Daldorfia horrida S

Epixanthus corrosus M

Epixanthus frontalis D M

Eriphia scabricula D

Eriphia sebana D M S

Etisus frontalis M

Geograpsus crinipes D S

Geograpsus grayi D

Grapsus albolineatus S

Grapsus fourmanoiri M

Grapsus tenuicrustatus D M S

Heteropilumnus integra S

Leptodius exaratus S

Leptodius nudipes M

Liomera cinctimana D

Liomera stimpsoni D S

Lophozozymus dodone D S

Lybia tessullata S

Lydia annulipes S

Macromedaeus quinquedentatus S

Macrophthalmus milloti M

Macropthalmus bosci D

Menaethius monoceros D M S


Micippa philyra S

Neosarmatium meinerti S

Ocypode ceratophthalma D M S

Ocypode cordimana D M S

Ocypode ryderi D

Oreotlos latus M

Pachygrapsus minutus D S

Percnon guinotae S

Percnon planissimum D

Philyra sp M

Phymodius monticulosus D


Phymodius nitidus S

Pilodius areolatus D S

Pilumnus vespertilio M

Platypodia anaglypta D

Platypodia granulosa D

Pseudozius caystrus S

Thalamita admete S

Thalamita mitsiensis S

Thalamita picta S

Trapezia cymodoce S

Tylocarcinus styx S

Xanthias lamarki D

Zosimus aeneus D S

Other Crustacea



Alpheus sp D M S

Calianassa sp. S

Ligia exotica M


Periclimenis elegans D M

Pseudosquilla ciliata D


Stenopus hispidus D

Tetrachthamalus oblitteratus M S

Tetraclita squamosa M S

Echinodermata


Asteroidea

Asteropsis carinifera D S

Culcita schmideliana D

Linckia laevigata D S

Linkia multiflora D S

Pentaceraster sp. M
Echinoidea

Diadema savignyi S

Echinometra mathaei D S

Echinoneus cyclostomus D

Echinothrix diadema D S

Phyllacanthus imperialis D

Prionocidaris baculosa D

Stomopneustes variolaris D S

Toxopneustes pileolus D M S

Tripneustes gratilla D M
Holothuroidea

Actinopyga echinites D M

Actinopyga mauritiana D M S

Actinopyga sp. D S

Afrocucumis africana D S

Bohadschia atra D

Bohadschia marmorata M

Holothuria (Cystipus) c.f. rigida S

Holothuria (Halodeima) atra D M S


Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis D S

Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) fuscorubra D

Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota D M S

Holothuria (Platyperona) difficilis S

Holothuria (Semperothuria) cinerascens S

Holothuria (Semperothuria) flavomaculata S

Holothuria (Stauropora) pervicax D

Holothuria (Thymiosycia) arenicola D S

Holothuria (Thymiosycia) hilla D S

Holothuria (Thymiosycia) impatiens D S

Pearsonothuria graeffei S

Polycheira rufescens S

Stichopus chloronotus D M

Turbellaria; Polycladida


Acanthazoon sp 11 S

Acanthazoon sp 8 S

Acotylea sp S

Callioplana marginata D


Cestoplana sp D S

Enchiridium sp 1 M

Enchiridium sp 2 S

Leptoplana sp M

Paraplanocera oligoglena M


Pericelis sp 1 S

Pericelis sp 3 S

Pericelis sp 5 S

Prosthiostomidae sp D


Pseudoceros bifurcus D M


Pseudoceros c.f. ‘sp. no. 8’ D

Pseudoceros indicus M

Pseudoceros prudhoei S

Pseudoceros scintillatus M






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