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Characteristics of Living Things Notes Scientists estimate that there are


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Characteristics of Living Things Notes
Scientists estimate that there are 10 million different organisms found on our planet.
1. All LT are made of CELLs – contain living matter separated from the environment by a border


  • Basic (smallest) unit of a living thing

  • A chemical factory

  • Most cells are small, one can be an entire organism!

  • Cells are found in non-living matter only if it once was alive! EX – wood


  1. Living Things USE ENERGY –

  • Energy is the ability to make things move or change

  • Living things get energy from their environment (plants-sunlight, animals-food)

  • Metabolism – a balance between energy production and energy use



  1. Living Things REPRODUCE

  • Reproduction is a process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves


  1. Living Things GROW and DEVELOP






  1. Living Things RESPOND to the Environment

Stimulus – a change that occurs in the environment
Response – a reaction to a stimulus



  1. Living Things ADAPT to the environment




  • An adaptation is a characteristic that enables an organism to live and reproduce successfully in its environment Beaver – tail for swimming, teeth for wood cutting, fur for warmth and protection, claws for protection


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