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Chapter 14: The High Renaissance in Italy Key Works


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CHAPTER 14:

The High Renaissance in Italy

Key Works
Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, c. 1485 – 1490
Leonardo da Vinci, church resembling the Holy Sepulcher in Milan

Donato Bramante, Tempietto, c. 1502 – 1503

Donato Bramante, Plan of the Tempietto with projected courtyard, after 16th-century engraving by Sebastiano Serlio

Anonymous, An Ideal City, mid-15th century

Raphael, Betrothal of the Virgin, 1504


Donato Bramante, plan for the New Saint Peter’s, Vatican, Rome, c. 1505

Christoforo Caradosso Foppa, medal showing Bramante’s design for the New Saint Peter’s, Vatican, Rome, 1506

Michelangelo, plan for the New Saint Peter’s, Vatican, Rome, c. 1546

Plan for the New Saint Peter’s as built to Michelangelo’s design with additions by Carlo Maderno, 1606 – 1615

New Saint Peter’s, Vatican, Rome

Leonardo da Vinci, Embryo in the Womb, c. 1510

Andrea Verrocchio, The Baptism of Christ, c. 1470

Leonardo da Vinci, The Last Supper, refectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan, c. 1495 – 1498

Leonardo da Vinci, Madonna and Child with Saint Anne, 1503 – 1506

Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, c. 1503 – 1505


Michelangelo, copy of Masaccio’s Saint Peter in the Tribute Money, 1489 – 1490

Michelangelo, Pietà, 1498/99 – 1500

Michelangelo, David, 1501 – 1504

Michelangelo, Moses, c. 1513 – 1515

Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome, 1508 – 1512

Michelangelo, ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Rome (after cleaning), 1508 – 1512

Michelangelo, Creation of Adam (before cleaning), c. 1510, detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo, Creation of Adam (after cleaning), c. 1510, detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo, The Fall of Man, 1510, detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo, Jeremiah, detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Michelangelo, Last Judgment (after cleaning), altar wall of the Sistine Chapel, 1534 – 1541

Michelangelo, Saint Bartholomew with flayed skin, detail of The Last Judgment, 1534 – 1541

Michelangelo, Rondanini Pietà, c. 1555 – 1564

Raphael, Madonna of the Meadow, 1505

Raphael, Portrait of Pope Julius II, 1511 – 1512

Raphael, Galatea, Villa Farnesina, Rome, c. 1512



Galatea in situ, Grand Salon, Villa Farnesina, Rome

Raphael, Disputation over the Sacrament, Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome, 1509 – 1511

Raphael, School of Athens, Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome, 1509 – 1511

Raphael, Plato and Aristotle, detail of School of Athens

Leonardo da Vinci, Self-Portrait, after 1500

Raphael’s self-portrait, detail of School of Athens

Jacopo Bellini, Christ Before Pilate, Louvre sketchbook, 1503

Gentile Bellini, Sultan Mehmet II, c. 1480


Gentile Bellini, Procession of the Reliquary of the Cross in Piazza San Marco, 1496


Gentile Bellini, detail of Procession of the Reliquary of the Cross in Piazza San Marco

Giovanni Bellini, San Giobbe Altarpiece, 1480s


Giovanni Bellini, Doge Leonardo Loredan, soon after 1501

Giovanni Bellini, Saint Francis in Ecstasy, c. 1485


Giorgione, Tempest, c. 1505 – 1510

Giorgione, Old Woman (Col Tempo), early 16th century

Giorgione, Sleeping Venus, c. 1509

Giorgione, Fête Champêtre, c. 1510

Titian, Assumption of the Virgin, 1516 – 1518

Titian, Pesaro Madonna, 1519 – 1526


Titian, Venus of Urbino, c. 1538


Titian, Rape of Europa, 1559 – 1562

Maps, Diagrams, and Projections

Map of leading art centers in Renaissance Italy

Leonardo da Vinci, Vitruvian Man, c. 1485 – 1490

Leonardo da Vinci, church resembling the Holy Sepulcher in Milan

Donato Bramante, plan of the Tempietto with a projected courtyard, after a 16th-century engraving by Sebastiano Serlio

Anonymous, An Ideal City, mid-15th century

Donato Brmante, plan for the New Saint Peter’s, Vatican, Rome, c. 1505

Michelangelo, plan for the New Saint Peter’s, Vatican, Rome, c. 1546

Plan for the New Saint Peter’s as built to Michelangelo’s design with additions by Carlo Maderno, 1606 – 1615

Diagram of scenes from the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel



Key Terms
balustrade

buttress


cella

chiaroscuro

cromlech


Doric

entablature

glaze

ignudi

jeremiad


martyrium

painterly

pastel

peristyle



poesia

pyramidal compositionred-figure

rose window

reliquary

sculptured wall motif

sfumato

spandrel


tholos

Videos

Art & Splendor: Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel

35 min, VM
Art of the Western World

Volume 2: "The High Renaissance"

55 min, VM
Civilisation, Volume 3

The Hero as Artist & Protest and Communication

94 min, 1970, VM
Bellini: The Feast of the Gods

27 min, 1990, HVC, Crystal Productions


Giorgione: Poet of Vision

199?, 24 min, VM, RMI


Great Masters Series: Leonardo da Vinci

52 min, 1993, NDM


Leonardo da Vinci: The Visionary Intellect

30 min, 1992, RMI


Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael & Titian

56 min, 1991, Facets


Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel

35 min, MFA


Michelangelo: The Early Years

AIMS


1992, 29 min.
Michelangelo: The Later Years

AIMS


1992, 29 min.
Raphael

60 min, 1983, MFA


Renaissance Art and Music

54 min, Clearvue


Titian

57 min, MFA


Titian: Venetian Colorist

27 min, 1991, VM


CD-ROMs

Art of the Renaissance, 4 CD-ROMs

Raphael, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli

Windows, Clearvue


Leonardo: The Paintings

Windows, MFA


Michelangelo

Windows, MFA


The Renaissance of Florence

Windows, MFA


The Sistine Chapel

Windows, Clearvue


Multiple-Choice Questions
1. The Tempietto was a
a. martyrium*

b. little temple

c. baptistry

d. mausoleum


2. Which is not a feature of the Tempietto?
a. a Doric peristyle

b. a balustrade

c. a dome

d. an Ionic frieze*

e. a cella

3. Raphael learned at the elbow of


a. Leonardo

b. Perugino*

c. Fra Angelico

d. Michelangelo


4. Which is not a feature of Raphael's Betrothal of the Virgin?
a. round arches

b. an angry suitor

c. a bearded priest

d. a pseudo-peripteral temple*

e. a pediment
5. Who were two important figures in Raphael's School of Athens?
a. David and Goliath

b. Venus and Adonis


c. Plato and Aristotle*

d. Alexander the Great and Socrates

6. Which is not true of Leonardo da Vinci?
a. he made anatomical drawings

b. he was a uomo universale

c. he wrote backwards

d. he made more paintings than drawings*

e. he made more paintings than sculptures
7. Who advertised his services by saying: “In time of peace I believe I can give perfect satisfaction and to the equal of any other in architecture and the composition of buildings.”?
a. Bramante

b. El Greco


c. Michelangelo

d. Leonardo da Vinci*

8. Leonardo was apprenticed to
a. Bramante

b. Verrocchio*

c. Donatello

d. Botticelli

e. Raphael
9. Some experts say that the pyramidal style of the High Renaissance first emerges in the cartoon of __________.
a. Raphael's Galatea

b. Michelanglo's Sybils

c. Leonardo's Virgin and Child with Saint Anne*

d. Masaccio’s Trinity


10. Which of the following is the best match?
a. Leonardo's Last Supper -- Milan*

b. Bramante's Tempietto -- Florence

c. The Sistine Chapel -- Siena

d. The Mona Lisa -- Rome


11. Which is not by Leonardo?
a. Madonna and Child with Saint Anne

b. Mona Lisa

c. Moses*

d. Vitruvian Man


12. The term sfumato refers to:
a. the fashion of smoking while painting adopted soon after the discovery of America

b. a smoky haze to convey depth and distance*

c. aerial perspective

d. the style in imitation of the candle-smoke darkened walls of Roman churches


13. Which was completed earliest?
a. Raphael's School of Athens

b. Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling

c. Michelangelo's Last Judgment

d. Leonardo's Last Supper*

14. The pyramid was

a. the echo of ancient Egypt in the piazzas of Rome

b. a compositional arrangement much favored by High Renaissance artists

c. a stable, hierarchical structure for arranging figures in a composition

d. b and c*

15. Which is the correct chronological sequence of works by Michelangelo?


a. Moses, the Rome Pietà, David, the Sistine Ceiling

b. David, the Rome Pietà, the Sistine Ceiling, Moses

c. the Rome Pietà, David, the Sistine Ceiling, Moses*

d. David, Moses, Saint Peter's, the Sistine Ceiling


16. Terribilità refers to
a. Leonardo’s painting style

b. traits of stubbornness and firmness Michelangelo shared with pope Julius*


c. Fra Angelico’s subtle messages

d. Raphael’s violent imagery in his Stanza della Segnatura

17. Michelangelo approached the stone he was to carve
a. looking to bring out the forms hidden within*

b. with great fasting and prayer


c. imposing his will on it from all sides in a demonstration of terribilità

d. trying to get inspiration from the stone’s outward shape

18. Which does not appear in the Sistine Ceiling frescoes?
a. Prophets

b. Christ*

c. Sibyls

d. Jeremiah

e. Adam
19. __________ commissioned Michelangelo to create his most famous works.
a. Lorenzo de' Medici

b. the Duke of Mantua

c. Julius II*

d. Francis I of France


20. Michelangelo was inspired by


a. Leonardo da Vinci’s single-minded dedication to sculpture

b. Classical mythology


c. Neo-Platonic idea of the Medici Circle

d. The rough and tumble life he found in Renaissance Rome

21. The Campidoglio
a. was a piazza based on an ancient Roman space

c. illustrated Michelangelo's interest in urban planning


c. demonstrated the Popes’ ambitious plans for making Rome beautiful

d. all of the above*

22. Who was not a Renaissance pope?
a. Julius II

b. Paul III

c. John Paul II*

d. Clement X


23. The High Renaissance is usually dated
a. 1495 – 1527*

b. 1460 – 1564


c. 1500 – 1535

d. 1500 – 1600

24. The High Renaissance was centered in
a. Rome*

b. Paris
c. Florence

d. Urbino

25. Which work matches the correct patron?


a. Sistine Chapel Ceiling -- Sixtux IV

b. Tempietto -- Ferdinand and Isabella*

c. School of Athens -- Agostino Chigi

d. Mehmet II -- Giovanni Bellini

e. Venus of Urbino -- Philip II of Spain
26. The patron saint of Venice is
a. Saint Mark*

b. Saint Peter

c. Saint Matthew

d. Saint Sebastian

e. Saint John the Evangelist
27. Which best describes the stigmata?
a. an outcast

b. the Flagellation

c. the arrows of Saint Sebastian

d. the wounds of Christ*

e. a painting by Giotto
28. Match the artist with his place of birth
a. Giorgione -- Castelfranco*

b. Michelangelo -- Siena

c. Leonardo -- Padua

d. Raphael -- Milan

e. Bramante -- Venice
29. Titian's self-portrait appears in
a. the Rape of Europa

b. the Pesaro Madonna

c. the Galatea

d. the Allegory of Prudence*

e. the Tempest
30. Michelangelo's self-portrait appears in
a. the Moses

b. the Last Judgment*

c. the Last Supper

d. the Creation of Adam

e. the Flood
31. Which is true?
a. Gentile Bellini had two sons, Jacopo and Giovanni

b. Giovanni Bellini had two sons, Gentile and Jacopo

c. Jacopo Bellini was the father of Gentile, Giovanni, and Mantegna

d. Jacopo Bellini had two sons and one daughter*


32. Jacopo Bellini's style is best known today from his
a. drawings*

b. paintings

c. autobiography

d. etchings

e. biography
33. Gentile Bellini's rich textures and ability to convey character appealed to
a. the ruler of Venice

b. the Sultan in Constantinople*

c. the Byzantine Patriarch

d. the Pesaro family


34. The Venetian artist who most influenced Giorgione and Titian was
a. Jacopo Bellini

b. Andrea Mantegna

c. Genitle Bellini

d. Giovanni Bellini*


35. Giorgione demonstrated the superiority of painting over sculpture by
a. a description in his autobiography

b. painting a nude man with reflections from two sides*

c. making a sculpture and a painting of a man

d. dictating a comparison to Vasari


36. The surface details in 16th-century Venetian painting show influence from
a. Flanders*

b. Naples

c. the International Style

d. Byzantium


37. Which is true?
a. Titian painted the Tempesta

b. There are crowds of figures in the Tempesta

c. The main colors of the Tempesta are gray and black

d. The subject of the Tempesta is a matter of debate*


38. Col Tempo refers to
a. an Italian proverb

b. a book by Aretino

c. a painting by Giorgione*

d. a painting by Titian


39. The two Venetian artists who painted reclining nudes are
a. Giovanni and Gentile Bellini

b. Titian and Giovanni Bellini

c. Giorgione and Gentile Bellini

d. Titian and Giorgione*


40. The vernacular refers to
a. Italian*

b. Latin


c. Greek

d. the Dialogues of Plato


41. Which are by Titian?
a. Charles V at Mühlberg, the Rape of Europa, and Saint Francis in Ecstasy

b. The Tempesta, the Allegory of Prudence, and the Sleeping Venus

c. the Allegory of Prudence, the Venus of Urbino, and the Pesaro Madonna*

d. The Tempesta, the Rape of Europa, and the Venus of Urbino


42. The theme of the Allegory of Prudence is
a. the relationship of humans to animals

b. time*


c. portraiture

d. history


43. Which painting is based on Ovid's Metamorphoses?
a. the Rape of Europa*

b. the Allegory of Prudence

c. the Venus of Urbino

d. the Sleeping Venus




Chapter 14

The High Renaissance in Italy


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