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Birds of tilos island – Dodecanese – greece


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BIRDS of TILOS island

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TILOS Island – Dodecanese – GREECE

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tilos
Tílos has an inverted 'S' shape, is about 14.5 km long, north-west to south-east, with a maximum width of 8 km and an area of about 61 km². The island has a mountainous limestone interior, volcanic lowlands, pumice beds and red lava sand, like its north western neighbour Nisyros. It is well supplied by springs, and is potentially very fertile and productive. Its coasts are generally rocky or pebbled, but there are also a number of sandy beaches.

NB: ci scusiamo con i Lettori di www.labeccacciascientifica.it per l’inserimento negli AGGIORNAMENTI di questo Capitolo Ornitologico non propriamente attinente od esclusivo per l’interesse sulla Beccaccia .

Si tratta di una LISTA aggiornata degli Uccelli osservati nell’isola di Tilos a partire dal 1994 . L’isola che è molto vicina a Rodi ed alla penisola di Marmaris ( Turchia) è caratterizzata dalla presenza permanente dell’Aquila di Bonelli , del Falco della Regina o di Eleonora ( poche coppie permanenti ed il grosso migratore estivo dal Madagascar ), e dalla Coturnice Orientale ( Alectoris chukar ) . Queste tre specie tra loro collegate ecologicamente sono state alla base dell’istituzione di un non-ufficiale Parco con relativa proibizione assoluta della Caccia per gli ultimi VENTI anni .Malgrado i ripetuti richiami e suggerimenti offerti dal sottoscritto gestore di www.labeccacciascientifica.it , la “policy” assolutisticamente protezionistica condotta dal Parco – non ultimo con il coinvolgimento di Fondi dei Programmi Naturalistici della Unione Europea completamente fuori da ogni controllo di Bilancio – ha condotto ad un disastro ecologico . Negli ultimi tre anni si è osservata una riduzione di oltre il 70% della popolazione delle Coturnici chukar , e costituendo queste il principale alimento predato dai Rapaci ( in primis Aquila di Bonelli e Falco della Regina ) si è determinata anche la drammatica riduzione di presenza di questi Rapaci .

La causa principale va individuata nel protezionismo assoluto che ha impedito un corretto e continuo scambio genetico tra le “brigate” nonché lasciando il dominio copulatorio al maschio vecchio dominante sui giovani maschi ( e relativi cromosomi ) , con il risultato di un decadimento fisico ed autoimmunitario che ha portato al prevalere di fluttuanti infestazioni di parassiti ( pediculosis) e relative infezioni virali . Altro elemento determinante : la predazione da Cornacchie ormai infestanti tutta l’isola .

Nessuno studio scientifico è stato prodotto in questi anni malgrado la fantomatica istituzione di un “Parco” .

E’ altresì da segnalare che un fenomeno analogo si verificò nell’isola di Montecristo nell’immediato dopoguerra come documentato nel lavori scientifici dell’Università di Pisa in particolare : “Genetic analysis of chukar partridge populations (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) of Mediterranean islands by means of mitochondrial DNA and RAPD markershttp://www.biologia.unipi.it/index.php?id=4164_curriculum&tx_felogin_pi1[forgot]=1

Questa nostra Nota può essere di particolare interesse per i Cacciatori che hanno interesse alla Ricerca , e possono trarre considerazioni da questa personale testimonianza .( 2013)

Sull’isola di Tilos la Beccaccia è presente nel periodo migratorio anche con “invasioni” di pochi giorni corrispondenti a “gelo” in Turchia .
******* ********* ******** **********
It ‘s a LIST of BIRDS recorded on the Island of TILOS ( Dodecanneso – GREECE ) starting from 1994 .

Updating in 2013 , please take note about the COMMENT as :
Inizio modulo

Note: we apologize to readers www.labeccacciascientifica.it for incorporation into this Chapter UPDATES Ornithological not really relevant or exclusive right to interest on Woodcock.


This is an updated list of birds observed in the island of Tilos since 1994. The island which is very close to Rhodes and the peninsula of Marmaris (Turkey) is characterized by the permanent presence of Bonelli's Eagle, Hawk or the Queen Eleanor (a few pairs permanent and migratory big summer from Madagascar), and the Eastern Rock Partridge (Alectoris chukar). These three species were ecologically connected together at the base of the establishment of a non-official Park with its absolute prohibition of hunting for the last TWENTY years. Spite of repeated reminders and suggestions offered by the undersigned manager www.labeccacciascientifica.it, the "policy" assolutisticamente protectionist conducted by the Park - not least with the involvement of Funds Programmes of the European Union Naturalistic completely out of control of balance - has led to an ecological disaster. In the last three years have seen a reduction of over 70% of the population of chukar partridges, and these constitute the main food looted by the Raptors (first Bonelli's eagle and Eleonora's falcon) was also given the dramatic reduction in the presence of these Raptors.
The root cause must be identified in absolute protectionism that has prevented a proper and continuous genetic exchange between the "brigades" and leaving the old domain to the male copulatory dominant on young males (and their chromosomes), with the result of a physical decay and that autoimmune has led to the prevalence of fluctuating pest infestation (pediculosis) and related viral infections.Other factor : predators Crows without controll.
No scientific study has been produced in recent years despite the elusive establishment of a "Park".
It 'also worth mentioning that a similar phenomenon occurred in the island of Montecristo after the war as documented in the scientific work of the University of Pisa in particular: "" Genetic analysis of chukar partridge populations (Alectoris chukar, Galliformes) of Mediterranean islands by means of mitochondrial DNA and RAPD markers "http://www.biologia.unipi.it/index.php?id=4164_curriculum&tx_felogin_pi1 [forgot] = 1
Our Note This may be of particular interest to hunters who have an interest in research, and considerations can be drawn from this personal testimony. (2013)
On the island of Tilos the Woodcock is present in the migratory period with "invasions" of a few days corresponding to "freeze" in Turkey.
THE PRECEDENT LIST ( 1999) has been published on the WEB as :
THE BIRDS of TILOS - list recorded by Irini Hotel Guests ( birdwatchers) and personal observations updated April 1999 . (now 2013)

Some birds only wintering or during the migrations.
Some records: dubious.
 

References on Internet

http://www.mbr.nbs.gov/id/framlst/framlst.html

http://www.nature.ariadne-t.gr/nature/birds/birds.html
 

Reference : The Birds of Greece - G.Handrinos-T.Akriotis – Publish.Christopher Helm A&C Black LONDON 1997 - 35 Bedford Row,London WC1R 4 JH

REFERENCE :
Enrico Cavina – Livadia – tel.0020.22460.44112

ecavinaster@gmail.com

http://www.angelfire.com/ca2/symbo/index.html

UPDATING THE LIST we underline the opportunity to check images as by :
http://www.birdforum.net/gallery/showgallery.php/cat/500/ppuser/108208 ( only few images related to Birds of Tilos)

or

https://plus.google.com/photos/103942035281038458760/albums/5880069827020938577

COPY/PASTE www.address
and particularly for the ANATOMY of CHUKAR ( Alectoris chukar)
https://plus.google.com/photos/103942035281038458760/albums/5703766337830683217?authkey=CMjx6-TGz8SJ8wE
and for the BEE-EATERS ( Merops apiaster )
https://plus.google.com/photos/103942035281038458760/albums/5113365806033287137


L I S T
Updated 1999 – 2013
ENGLISH Linnaeus Classif. ITALIANO
 

SHEARWATERS

PROCELLARIAE

UCCELLI PELAGICI

 


 

 

 

Cory’s Shearwater

Procellaria diomedea

Berta Maggiore

 

 

 

CORMORANTS

PHALACCROCORACIDAE

MARANGONI

 


Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo

Cormorano

Shag

Phalacrocorax aristotelis

Marangone dal ciuffo

 

 

 

PELICANS

PELECANIDAE

PELLICANI

 


Dalmatian Pelican

Pelecanus crispus

Pellicano

 regular migratory bird until 1945 – now disappeared

 

 

EGRETS and HERONS

ARDEIDAE

AIRONI

 


Little Egret

Egretta Garzetta

Garzetta

Grey Heron

Ardea Cinerea

Airone cenerino

 Glossy Ibis

 Plegadis falcinellus

 Mignattaio 2007

WILDFOWL

ANATIDAE

ANATIDI

 


Teal

Anas crecca

Alzavola

Garganey

Anas querquedula

Marzaiola

 

 

 

VULTURES,HAWAKS and

EAGLES

FALCONIDAE

RAPACI diurni

 

 

 

Honey Buzzard

Pernis apivorus

Falco Pecchiaiolo

Red Kite

Milvus milvus

Nibbio bruno

Lammergeier

Gypaetus barbutus

Avvoltoio degli Agnelli

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus

Grifone

Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus

Sparviero

Levant Parrowhawk

Accipiter brevipes

Sparviero levantino

Buzzard

Buteo buteo

Poiana

Long-legged Buzzard

Buteo rufinus

Poiana codabianca

Rough-legged Buzzard

Buteo lagopus

Poiana calzata

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

Aquila reale

Bonelli’s Eagle *****

Hieraaetus fasciatus

Aquila del Bonelli *****

Lesser Kestrel

Falco naumanni

Grillaio

Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

Gheppio

Hobby

Falco subbuteo

Lodolaio

Eleonora’s Falcon

Falco Eleonorae

Falco della Regina

Lanner

Falco biarmicus

Lanario

Peregrine

Falco peregrinus

Falco pellegrino

 

 

 

PARTRIDGES

FASIANIDAE

PERNICI,QUAGLIE

 


Chukar

Alectoris chukar

Coturnice chukar

Quail

Coturnix coturnix

Quaglia

 Chicken-chukar Hibridus

 Hibridus

 Ibrido Chukar.pollo

suspect record 2005



PLOVERS

CHARADRIIDAE

PIVIERI

 


Kentish Plover

Chardadrius alexandrinus

Fratino

 

 

 

SANDPIPERS and ALLIES

SCOLOPACIDAE

SCOLOPACIDI

 


Woodcock

Scolopax rusticola

Beccaccia

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Piro-piro culbianco

Common Sandpiper

Actis hypoleucos

Piro-piro piccolo

 

 

 

GULLS

LARIDAE

GABBIANI e STERNE

 


Mediterranean Gull

Larus melanocephalus

Gabbiano corallino

Black-headed Gull

Larus ridibundus

Gabbiano comune

Audouin’s Gull

Larus audouinii

Gabbiano corso

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus fuscus

Zafferano

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus

Gabbiano reale

Yellow-legged Gull

Larus cachinnans

Gabbiano reale (sottospecie)

 

 

 

PIGEONS and DOVES

COLUMBIDAE

PICCIONI e TORTORE

 


Rock Dove

Columba livia

Piccione torraiolo (di roccia)

Woodpigeon

Columba palumbus

Colombaccio

Stock Dove (????)

Columba oenas

Colombella (????)

Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Tortora dal collare orientale

Turtle Dove

Streptopela turtur

Tortora

 

 

 

CUCKOOS

CUCULIDAE

CUCULI

 


Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus

Cuculo

 

 

 

TYPICAL OWLS

STRIGIDAE

RAPACI notturni

 


Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Barbagianni

Scops Owl *****

Otus scops

Assiolo

Little Owl

Athene noctua

Civetta

 

 

 

NIGHTJARS

CAPRIMULGIDAE

SUCCIACAPRE

 


Nightjar

Caprimulgus europaeus

Succiacapre

 

 

 

SWIFTS 

APODIDAE

RONDONI

 


Swift

Apus apus

Rondone

Pallid Swift

Apus pallidus

Rondone pallido

Alpine Swift

Apus melba

Rondone Alpino

 

 

 

KINGFISHER

ALCIDINIDAE

MARTIN PESCATORE

 


Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

Martin Pescatore

 

 

 

BEE-EATERS

MEROPIDAE

GRUCCIONI

 


Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Gruccione (europeo)

 Blue-checked Bee-eater

 Merops superciliosus

 Gruccione di Persia - 2007

ROLLERS

CORACIIDAE

GHIANDAIE MARINE

 


Roller

Coriacias garrulus

Ghiandaia marina

 

 

 

HOOPOES

UPUPIDAE

UPUPE

 


Hoopoe

Upupa epops

Upupa

 

 

 

LARKS

ALAUDIDAE

ALLODOLE

 


Calandra Lark

Melanocoypha calandra

Calandra

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata

Cappellaccia

Woodlark

Lullula arborea

Tottavilla

Skylark

Alauda arvensis

Allodola

 

 

 

SWALLOWS and MARTINS

HIRUNDINIDAE

RONDINI e TOPINI

 


Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

Topino

Crag Martin

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Rondine montana

Swallow

Hirundo rustica

Rondine

Red-rumped Swallow

Hirundo daurica

Rondine rossiccia

House Martin

Delichon urbica

Balestruccio

 

 

 

PIPITS and WAGTAILS

MOTACILLIDAE

PISPOLE,CUTRETTOLE e

BALLERINE

 

 

 

Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla flava

Cutrettola

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea

Ballerina gialla

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba

Ballerina bianca

 

 

 

WREN

TROGLODYTIDAE

SCRICCIOLI

 


Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

Scricciolo

 

 

 

ACCENTORS

PRUNELLIDAE

SORDONE e PASSERE SCOPAIOLE

Alpine Accentor

Prunella collaris

Sordone

 

 

 

CHATS,TRUSHES and 

ALLIES

TURDIDAE

TORDI,CULBIANCHI,

SALTIMPALI,USIGNOLI ecc.

 

 

 

Robin

Erithacus rubecola

Pettirosso

Rufous Bush Robin

Cercotrichas galactotes 

 

Nightingale

Luscinia megarhyncos

Usignolo

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros

Codirosso spazzacamino

Redstart

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Codirosso

Winchat

Saxicola rubetra

Stiaccino

Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

Saltimpalo

Isabelline Wheatear

Oenanthe isabellina

Culbianco isabellino

Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe

Culbianco

Pied Wheatear

Oenanthe pleschanka

Monachella dorsonero

Black-eared Wheatear 

Oenanthe hispanica

Monachella

Rock Thrush

Monticola saxatilis

Codirossone

Blue Rock Thrush

Monticola solitarius

Passero solitario

Blackbird

Turdus merula

Merlo

Fieldfare

Turdus pilaris

Cesena

Song Thrush

Turdus philomellos

Tordo bottaccio

Redwing

Turdus iliacus

Tordo sassello

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus

Tordela

 

 

 

 
 



WARBLERS

SYLVIIDAE

SILVIDI

 


Olive-tree Wrbler

Hippolais olivetorum

Canapino levantino

Icterine Warbler

Hippolais icterina

Canapino maggiore

Subalpine Warbler

Sylvia cantillans

Sterpazzolina

Sardinian Warbler

Sylvia malanocephala

Occhioccotto

Ruppell’s Warbler

Sylvia rueppelli

Silvia di Ruppel

Orphean Warbler

Sylvia hortensis

Bigia grossa

Lesser Whitethroat

Sylvia curruca

Bigiarella

Whitethroat

Sylvia communis

Sterpazzola

Garden Warbler

Sylvia borin

Beccafico

Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla

Capinera

Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

Luì piccolo

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus

Luì grosso

 

 

 

FLYCATCHERS

MUSCICAPIDAE

BALIE e PIGLIAMOSCHE

 


Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata

Pigliamosche

Collared Flycatcher

Ficedula albicollis

Balia dal collare

Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula hypoleuca

Balia nera

 

 

 

TITS

PARIDAE

CINCE

 


Blue Tit

Parus caeruleus

Cinciarella

 

 

 

NUTHATCHES

SITTIDAE

PICCHI MURATORI

 


 

 

 

Rock Nuthatch

Sitta neumayer

Picchio muratore di roccia

 

 

 

ORIOLES

ORIOLIDAE

RIGOGOLI

 


Golden Oriole

Oriolus oriolus

Rigogolo

 

 

 

 


SHRIKES

LANIDAE

AVERLE

 


Red-backed Shrike

Lanius collurio

Averla piccola

Great Grey Shrike

Lanius excubitur

Averla maggiore

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator

Averla capirossa

 

 

 

CROWS

CORVIDAE

CORVI

 


Chough

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Gracchio

Jackdaw

Corvus monedula

Taccola

Hooded Crow *****

Corvus corone

Cornacchia grigia *****

Raven

Corvus corax

Corvo imperiale

 

 

 

STARLINGS

STURNIDAE

STORNI

 


Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

Storno

 

 

 

SPARROWS

PASSERIDAE

PASSERACEI

 


House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Passero domestico

Rock Sparrow

Petronia petronia

Passera lagia

 

 

 

FINCHES

FRINGILLIDAE

FRINGILLIDI

 


Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs

Fringuello

Serin

Serinus serinus

Verzellino

Greenfinch

Carduelis chloris

Verdone

Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis

Cardellino

 

 

 

BUNTINGS

EMBERIZADAE

ZIGOLI

 


Cretzschmar’s Bunting

Emberiza caesia

Ortolano grigio

Black-headed Bunting

Emberiza melanocephala

Zigolo testranera

 

 

 

Sorry for possible mistakes and forgetfullness.
Ci scusiamo per errori e dimenticanze

Mammiferi selvatici presenti in Tilos : il Coniglio Selvatico(pochi) ed il Riccio Comune (riccio comune Erinaceus europaeus )


Wild mammals: only rabbits (few) and common hedgehog
LINKS ( copy/paste)
*http://www.ornithologiki.gr/page_in.php?sID=191&tID=2707

BIRDS of GREECE
*http://ornithologiki.gr/page_iba.php?aID=168&loc=en
BIRDS of Tilos : AREA
*http://www.birdlife.org/eu/pdfs/4-%20Bonelli_65533_s%20eagle%20Aquila%20fasciata.pdf
Bonelli’s Eagle
** http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleonora%27s_Falcon
Eleonora’s Falcon

** http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chukar_Partridge
Chukar

Edited by :

Prof.Enrico Cavina

ecavinaster@gmail.com

http://ecavina.tripod.com/

http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/myshot/gallery/315953#/gallery/1063909/
tel.in Tilos : 0030.22460.44112


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