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Bell et al. American Journal of Botany


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Bell et al. – American Journal of Botany 97(8): 1296-1303. 2010. – Data Supplement S14 – Page 1


Bell, Charles D., Douglas E. Soltis, and Pamela S. Soltis. 2010. The age and diversification of the angiosperms re-revisited. American Journal of Botany 97(8): 1296-1303.
Appendix S14. Estimated mean crown group ages (with 95% highest posterior densities) for major clades of basal angiosperms. Nodes refer to Appendix S2. The multiple-fossil analysis treated all 36 fossil constraints as exponential or lognormal priors with offsets equal to first occurrence of a given fossil in the record (see text for more detail). *** represents node used as fossil constraint. Clade names are from APG III (2009) and Cantino et al. (2007).



Node

Exponential

Lognormal

1 Angiospermae


147 (141–154)

183 (167–199)

2

124 (101–144)

157 (125–187)

3 Nymphaeales

38 (25–55)

42 (27–56)

4

34 (20–50)

33 (20–47)

5

32 (19–48)

29 (15–33)

6

20 (10–31)

21 (11–31)

7

144 (138–150)

173 (160–187)

8 Austrobaileyales

114 (110–130)

122 (99–145)

9 ***

89 (88–91)

89 (88–91)

10 Mesangiospermae

130 (123–138)

146 (109–127)

11

127 (119–135)

140 (128–140)

12 Chloranthales ***

121 (121–122)

98 (97–100)

13

30 (15–55)

28 (12–49)

14 Magnoliidae


125 (121–130)

122 (108–138)

16 Piperales

104 (87–121)

119 (100–138)

17

67 (45–87)

78 (59–96)

18 Saururaceae

47 (26–70)

54 (31–77)

19 Piperaceae

32 (22–45)

40 (28–56)

20 Aristolochiaceae

91 (70–112)

104 (82–126)

21

78 (54–101)

91 (69–114)

22

19 (8–33)

22 (11–38)

23

120 (111–129)

119 (100–138)

24 Laurales ***

112 (108–121)

119 (107–133)

25 Calycanthaceae ***

98 (97–100)

98 (97–100)

26

50 (36–66)

58 (40–73)

27

25 (12–40)

29 (13–44)

28

45 (32–57)

52 (39–67)

29 Lauraceae

12 (6–19)

13 (6–22)

30 Monimiaceae

35 (21–48)

41 (23–57)

31

120 (11–129)

118 (107–133)

32 Canellales

77 (52–109)

80 (50–111)

33 Canellaceae

10 (4–16)

10 (5–17)

34 Winteraceae

18 (11–27)

19 (11–27)

35

14 (8–21)

14 (8–21)

36

11 (6–18)

12 (6–18)

37 Magnoliales

69 (50–90)

76 (58–96)

38 Myristicaceae

12 (5–19)

11 (5–18)

39

56 (42–71)

62 (49–76)

40

50 (34–66)

56 (40–73)

41

38 (22–53)

42 (23–59)

42 Magnoliaceae

33 (17–48)

36 (20–54)

43

10 (3–19)

11 (4–20)

44

50 (35–64)

55 (42–69)

45 Annonaceae

23 (13–34)

25 (15–36)

46 Ceratophyllaceae + Eudicotyledoneae

136 (130–142)

156 (146–168)


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