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Amphipoda -hyperiidea


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Malacostraca - Peracarida

AMPHIPODA -HYPERIIDEA

MÓNICA MONTÚ

Departamento Oceanografia

Fundação Universidade do Rio Grande

Suborder Hyperiidea H. Milne-Edwards, 1830

Infraorder Physosomata Pirlot, 1929

Superfamily Scinoidea Stebbing, 1888

Family Scinidae Stebbing, 1888

Genus Scina Prestandrea, 1833



Scina curvidactyla Chevreux, 1914

Synonymy: Wagler, 1926: 328.

Description and diagnosis: Chevreux, 1914: 3; Wagler, 1926: 328.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Western Atlantic, South Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and subtropical, continental and oceanic waters.

Infraorder Physocephalata Bowman & Gruner, 1973

Superfamily Vibilioidea Dana, 1853

Family Paraphronimidae Bovallius, 1887

Genus Paraphronima Claus, 1879

Paraphronima crassipes Claus, 1879

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 234.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 65; Chevreux & Fage, 1925: 390.

References: Stewart, 1913: 253; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: North and South Atlantic, South Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and subtropical waters.




Paraphronima gracilis Claus, 1879

Synonymy: Spandl, 1927: 165.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 64; Bovallius, 1889: 22.

References: Stewart, 1913: 253; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, and Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and subtropical waters.

Family Vibiliidae Dana, 1853

Genus Vibilia Milne-Edwards, 1830

Vibilia chuni Behning & Woltereck, 1912

Description and diagnosis: Behning & Woltereck, 1912.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and subtropical waters.
Vibilia stebbingi Behning & Woltereck, 1912

Synonymy: Hurley, 1955: 125.

Description and diagnosis: Behning & Woltereck, 1912 : 5.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (PA, MA).

Superfamily Phronimoidea Rafinesque, 1815

Family Hyperiidae Dana, 1853

Genus Hyperietta Bowman, 1973



Hyperietta vosseleri (Stebbing, 1973)

Synonymy: Bowman, 1973: 58.

Description and diagnosis: Bowman, 1973: 58.

References: Stewart, 1913: 255; Lima & Silva Brum 1994: 27; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. Brazil (from AM to PE).

Comments: In tropical and subtropical waters.

Genus Lestrigonus Milne-Edwards, 1830



Lestrigonus bengalensis Giles, 1887

Synonymy: Bowman, 1973: 50.

Description and diagnosis: Giles, 1887: 224.

References: Lima & Silva Brum, 1994: 27; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Equatorial Atlantic and Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and subtropical waters, from coastal zones.




Lestrigonus macrophtalmus (Vosseler, 1901)

Synonymy: Bowman, 1973: 48.

Description and diagnosis: Vosseler, 1901: 70, Yang, 1960: 21.

References: Duarte, 1994: 126.

Geographic distribution: North equatorial and southeastern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Brazil (RS).

Comments: From continental shelf waters.

Genus Themisto Guérin-Méneville, 1825



Themisto gaudichaudi (Guérin-Méneville, 1825)

Synonymy: Bowman, 1960: 379; Bowman, 1982: 1.

Description and diagnosis: Guérin-Méneville, 1825: 774.

References: Duarte, 1994: 126.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans and Antarctic Sea. Brazil (RS).

Comments: Common in temperate cold waters.

Family Phronimidae Dana, 1852

Genus Phronima Latreille, 1802

Phronima sedentaria (Forskal, 1775)

Synonymy: Shi, 1969: 10.

Description and diagnosis: Forskal, 1775: 95; Schousboe, 1802: 11.

References: Evans, 1961: 232; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Widespread, eurytopic.
Phronima stebbingi Vosseler, 1901

Synonymy: Shi, 1969: 29.

Description and diagnosis: Vosseler, 1901: 36; Pirlot, 1929: 115.

References: Evans, 1961: 232; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: North and South equatorial Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Genus Phronimella Claus, 1879



Phronimella elongata Claus, 1871

Synonymy: Shi, 1969: 30.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1862a: 193; 1862b: 247; Stebbing, 1888: 1369.

References: Evans, 1961: 232; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Widespread in tropical and temperate waters.

Family Phrosinidae Dana, 1853

Genus Anchylomera Milne-Edwards, 1830

Anchylomera blossevillei Milne-Edwards, 1830

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 234.

Description and diagnosis: Pirlot, 1929: 131; Chevreux & Fage, 1925: 414.

References: Stewart, 1913: 258; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean and Red Seas. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Widespread in tropical and temperate waters.

Genus Primno Guérin-Méneville, 1836



Primno macropa Guérin-Méneville, 1836

Synonymy: Bowman, 1978: 3; Zeidler, 1978: 19.

Description and diagnosis: Guérin-Méneville, 1836: 4; Stebbing 1888: 1447.

References: Stewart, 1913: 258; Ramirez, 1985: 28; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Antarctic, Mediterranean and Red Seas. Brazil (MA, RS).

Comments: From continental shelf and oceanic waters.

Superfamily Lycaeopsoidea Chevreux, 1913

Family Lycaeopsidae Chevreux, 1913

Genus Lycaeopsis Claus, 1879



Lycaeopsis themistoides Claus, 1879

Synonymy: Barnard, 1930: 425.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 67; Stebbing, 1888: 1459.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: North and South equatorial Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (MA).

Comments: Rare, widespread in tropical and temperate waters.

Family Pronoidae Dana, 1853

Genus Eupronoe Claus, 1879

Eupronoe armata Claus, 1879

Synonymy: Zeidler, 1978: 23.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 174; Zeidler, 1978: 23.

References: Stewart, 1913: 226; Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic and Indian Ocean, and Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Relatively rare, in tropical and temperate waters.

Eupronoe maculata Claus, 1879

Synonymy: Stephensen, 1926: 156.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 174; Stephensen, 1925: 156.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Relatively rare, in tropical and temperate waters.

Genus Sympronoe Stebbing, 1888



Sympronoe parva Claus 1879

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 246.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 177; 1887: 55.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: North and South equatorial Atlantic, North Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and temperate waters.

Family Lycaeidae Claus, 1879

Genus Brachyscelus Bate, 1861

Brachyscelus crusculum Bate, 1861

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 28.

Description and diagnosis: Bate, 1861: 7.

References: Duarte, 1994: 126, Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Cosmopolitan. Brazil (MA, PA, RS).

Family Platyscelidae Claus, 1887

Genus Amphithyrus Claus, 1879

Amphithyrus bispinosus Claus, 1879

Synonymy: Zeidler, 1978: 40.

Description and diagnosis: Montú, 1994: 132.

References: Montú, 1994: 132.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In warm oceanic waters.

Genus Hemityphis Claus, 1879



Hemityphis rapax (Milne-Edwards, 1830)

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 259.

Description and diagnosis: Milne-Edwards, 1830: 395; Claus, 1887: 38.

References: Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean and Arabian Seas. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and temperate waters.

Genus Parathyphis Claus, 1879



Parathyphis parvus Claus, 1887

Synonymy: Hurley, 1955: 188.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1887: 40; Zeidler, 1978: 42.

References: Duarte, 1994: 126.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (RS).
Parathyphis promontorii Stebbing, 1888

Synonymy: Stephensen, 1925: 222.

Description and diagnosis: Stebbing, 1888: 1476.

References: Evans, 1961: 202; Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Rare, in tropical and temperate waters.

Family Oxycephalidae Bate, 1862

Genus Oxycephalus Milne-Edwards, 1930

Oxycephalus piscatoris Milne-Edwards, 1930

Synonymy: Fage, 1960: 14; Shoemaker, 1945: 246.

References: Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: North and South equatorial Atlantic, tropical and subtropical Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Relatively rare, in tropical waters.

Genus Calamorhynchus Streets, 1878



Calamorhynchus pellucidus Streets, 1878

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 251; Fage, 1960: 31.

Description and diagnosis: Streets, 1878: 285; Bovallius, 1890: 73.

References: Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, North Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Distributed in tropical and temperate waters, eurytopic.

Genus Streetsia Stebbing, 1888



Streetsia porcella (Claus, 1879)

Synonymy: Fage, 1960: 63.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 48; 1887: 72.

References: Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean and Arabian Seas. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: Rare, usally occurring in tropical waters.

Genus Simorhynchotus Stebbing, 1888



Simorhynchotus antennarius Claus, 1871

Synonymy: Zeidler, 1978: 31.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1871: 156.

References: Duarte, 1994: 126; Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean Sea. Brazil (PA, MA, RS).

Comments: In tropical and temperate waters, eurytopic.

Family Parascelidae Bovallius, 1887

Genus Thyropus Dana, 1852

Thyropus sphaeroma (Claus, 1879)

Synonymy: Shoemaker, 1945: 260.

Description and diagnosis: Claus, 1879: 163; Zeidler, 1978: 37.

References: Montú, 1994: 133.

Geographic distribution: North and South equatorial Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Brazil (PA, MA).

Comments: In tropical and temperate waters.

References

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 MONTÚ, M., 1998. Malacostraca - Peracarida. Amphipoda. Hyperiidea. In: YOUNG, P.S. (ed.). Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Nacional. p. 595-603. (Série Livros n. 6).



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