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Alder buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula)


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Herbs to be taken only in moderation during pregnancy
Alder buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula): Strongly purgative, so should not be taken in high doses or for long periods.
Angelica (Angelica archangelica): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb.
Anise and aniseed oil (Pimpinella anisum): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb; avoid using the oil entirely.
Bitter orange (Citrus aurantiam): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb or in moderate use.
Caraway (Carum carvi): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb.
Cascara sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana): Strongly purgative, so should not be taken in high doses or for long periods.
Celery seed and oil (Apium graveolens): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb.
Chamomile oil: The oil is a potent uterine stimulant to be avoided, but the dried or fresh herb is safe in moderation.
Chili (Capsicum spp): Avoid high doses as they may lead to heartburn; can flavour breast milk when breast-feeding. Moderate culinary use is fine.
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb; avoid the essential oil completely.
Cowslip (Primula veris): Strongly purgative and a uterine stimulant in high doses.
Elder bark Strongly purgative, so should not be taken in high doses or for long periods.
Fennel and fennel oil: A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb; avoid using the oil entirely.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb or during labour.
Garlic (Allium sativa): Avoid high doses as they may lead to heartburn; can flavor breast milk when breastfeeding. Moderate culinary use is fine.
Gotu kola (Centella asiatica): Possible uterine stimulant; use in moderation for occasional teas only. Jasmine oil A uterine stimulant best reserved for childbirth to ease labour.
Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng): Clinical reports suggest that high doses in pregnancy can lead to androgynous babies (caused by overstimulation of male sex hormones); use for short periods only.
Lavender (Lavendula argustifolia): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb or for moderate use.
Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): High doses can exacerbate high blood pressure; safe in moderation.
Lovage (Levisticum officinale): A uterine stimulant traditionally used in slow and difficult labour; safe as a culinary herb.
Marjoram and marjoram oil (Origanum vulgare): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb; avoid using the oil entirely.
Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca): A uterine stimulant in high doses; best limited to the final weeks and during labour.
Myrrh (Commiphora molmol): A uterine stimulant that may lead to premature contractions; avoid high doses.
Nutmeg and Nutmeg Oil: Inhibits prostaglandin production and contains hallucinogens that may affect the fetus; once erroneously regarded as an abortifacient. Safe in normal culinary use.
Oregano (Origanum X marjoricum; O. onites): A uterine stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb; avoid using the oil entirely.
Parsley (Petroselinum crispum): Uterine stimulant that may also irritate the fetus in high doses; safe in normal culinary use.
Passion flower (Passiflora incarnata): A uterine stimulant in high doses; safe for moderate use.
Peppermint oil: A uterine stimulant; avoid the oil entirely, although low doses of the dried herb can be used.
Raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus): A uterine stimulant in high doses; best limited to the final six to eight weeks and during labour.
Rhubarb root (Rheum palmatum): Strongly purgative, so should not be taken in high doses or for long periods.
Rosemary and rosemary oil: A uterine stimulant in high doses; safe in moderation and normal culinary use. Avoid using the oil entirely.
Saffron (Crocus sativa): A uterine stimulant in high doses; safe in normal culinary use.
Sage and sage oil: A uterine and hormonal stimulant in high doses, but quite safe as a culinary herb; avoid using the oil entirely.
Senna (Senna alexandrina): Strongly purgative, so should not be taken in high doses or for long periods.
Tea, black (Camellia sinensis): Limit to two cups a day, as excess can lead to palpitations and increased heart rate.
Thyme oil (Thymus vulgaris): Some reports claim that it acts as a uterine stimulant, though the research is disputed; the herb is quite safe in cooking.
Vervain (Verbene officinalis): A uterine stimulant in high doses; best limited to the final weeks and during labour.
White horehound (Marrubium vulgare): Reputed uterine stimulant; safe in moderation in cough drops.
Wood betony (Stachys officinalis): A uterine stimulant in high doses; best limited to the final weeks and during labour.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium): A uterine stimulant in high doses; best limited to the final weeks and during labour.


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