READ pgs 106 - 112 “Texas ‘a second Eden’, a place where all the best things in life could be found.”
Stephen F Austin (SFA) With the purchase of the Louisiana territory in 1803, the US increased its territory. Some people believed that the Louisiana Purchase should include Texas and the Pacific Northwest. Texas remained a part of Mexico until 1836. Moses Austin and his son Stephen brought the first American settlers into Texas in the 1820s. Although Texas eventually became a part of the United States, Spain’s influence is all around. Our first roads were built by the Spanish as they followed old Indian trails.
During the 1700s, few settlers lived in Texas. There were conflicts with Native Americans. As a result, Mexicans did not want to live there. In the early 1800s, more Mexicans moved to South Texas and they started cattle ranch on its grasslands. At the same time, a handful of Americans moved into East Texas and they built farms. Still, by 1820, only a few thousand settlers lived in Texas and about 30,000 Indians lived in Texas.
In 1821, Mexico became independent. Texas was part of the new country. The new government worried that the US would try to take Texas. Mexican leaders made two new laws to invite settlers.
The laws relied on people called empresarios, or contractors. The empresarios were supposed to put together business deals to settle the land. Each one promised to bring in a number of settlers within a few years. The government gave settlers title to the land. Title is the legal right to own property. Any American who settled would become citizens of Mexico.
Under this plan, everyone won (win/win). Mexico gained more settlers in Texas and the Empresarios could make money by selling the land. They also received land for their own use. Settlers got land at low prices and they also enjoyed no property tax for six years.
1828 – SFA receives the last of his five (5) land grants Main Idea – Changes in Mexico promoted the colonization of Texas in the early 1800s
empresario –a person who puts together business deals
(Spanish for contractor)
title – the legal right to own a piece of property trading post – a store in outpost, where trading/exchanging of ‘goods’ is done Setting the Scene:
Jose Maria Sanchez of East Texas explored the land of the rolling hills and grassy prairies between the San Antonio and Trinity rivers. He wrote to the Mexican government, “ There is nothing that gives the traveler greater joy than the sight of a plain after coming out of the long, endless thick woods.” Not many Mexican people agreed with him. With few Mexican people wanting to settle in Texas, their government was concerned that Texas would become a temptation to other countries to send settlers. They must begin settling. New Settlers
French threat – more Spanish missions / presidios
Spanish settlers – La Bahia ( today known as Goliad )
C. a piece of property D. slaves 3. What was the effect of Mexico’s independence from Spain, on Texas ?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. What problems prevented Mexico from colonizing Texas with its own people ?